Dating tips pdf

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[Clinical] My Completely Biased, Unsolicited, Hodgepodge Advice for Success in Medical School Clinical Years

2020.09.29 20:30 norepiontherocks [Clinical] My Completely Biased, Unsolicited, Hodgepodge Advice for Success in Medical School Clinical Years

Here is my completely biased, recklessly hodgepodge, and utterly unsolicited advice for success during the clinical years in medical school. I benefitted greatly from advice on this forum, as well as advice from my elder medical students, so I wanted to share my recommendations in case it helps you. Unfortunately, I know this may prove less useful because of current COVID events, but I’m putting this forth into the universe nevertheless. If any of these tips stick or are particularly useful, let me know.
GENERAL ADVICE
Do fewer things of higher quality. Don’t fill your time and CV with BS activities. I like to do as little as much, but I do it to the very best of my ability. Find your passion and follow it to the best of your ability. Leave everything else behind, and don’t waste time doing things half-assed, or that you don’t care about, or just for the CV. Doing one or two things well that you are passionate about will pay off far more than doing a bunch of crappy activities that you are lukewarm about.
Prioritize recharging your wellness battery with hobbies, exercise, sleep, staying in touch with friends and family, and eating healthy. See a therapist early and often. Put your wellbeing #1.
Simplify your life. COVID-19 has actually helped me with this and showed me even more ways to simplify my life and offload mental burdens. Some ways to simplify your life: keep a to-do list, autopay, grocery delivery/curbside pickup, prescription delivery, have a few go-to meals that are good and easy that you make regularly, and eat leftovers and meal prep. My favorite cooking blogs are Cookie and Kate, Pinch of Yum, and Smitten Kitchen.
Always remember the big picture (if your relationship with your SO is falling apart, does it really matter if you get honors in that clerkship?). And if you’re not healthy now, then when? It’s only going to get busier as our career progresses, so prioritize your physical and mental wellbeing now, don’t wait.
Always live in alignment with your values (never sacrifice your integrity because the short term gain isn’t worth the long term insult to your character). Don’t lie because it’s damaging to your integrity, doesn’t help the team, and hurts your long term education.
Be curious. Don’t fear making mistakes, instead be curious about learning and improving. Let go off perfectionism, and instead focus on a growth mindset.
Be adaptable. Easier said than done, I know. The hardest part about M3 year is the constantly changing schedules, bosses, and expectations. So try your best to be flexible, and ask for expectations/feedback early and often. One attending will like a presentation one way, and the next will want it the exact opposite. This happens to everyone, so just let it roll off your back. Incorporate feedback, but don’t take it too personally, and just ignore and move on if not useful or constructive.
Use the Pomodoro technique to study. I like to use the app Focus Keeper, and I set it for 25 minutes studying with 5 minutes break. When I have a long continuous chunk of time, I repeat 25x5 for 3 hours, then I take a 1-1.5 hours break and do something else (usually workout and/or eat).
SUCCEEDING ON THE CLINICAL TEAM
The easiest way to get good clinical grades is to be interested, be friendly to everyone, stay organized, and have a thorough understanding of your patients. The expectations are lower than you think – you mostly need to be nice and put forth a good effort. Effort and kindness > fund of knowledge. Spend the extra time to connect with your patients because it makes the experience more fulfilling (and sometimes improves your grade because the attending may ask the patients’ opinions of you).
To do even better, you should find a way to make yourself valuable. There are a bunch of ways to make yourself valuable including: knowing your patients better than anyone else, offering to do tasks on residents’ to-do lists (such as calling outside hospitals for paperwork, updating patients’ on the plan, running by and checking on patients when nurses pages, etc), and being a positive, enjoyable teammate that people want around. Yes, you can also add value by bringing in home baked coffees once in awhile, but this should be genuine (ex for someone’s birthday), don’t get ridiculous with it or your co-M3s will start to resent you. The M3s who struggle make their attendings’ and residents’ lives more difficult and tiresome by being annoying, needy, rude, entitled, or getting in the way.
Demonstrate your interest by reading up on your patients and then find a way to mention your reading in discussions with residents/attendings. I would generally skim UpToDate or my clerkship resource on my patient’s condition, and drop a question related to my reading. It can also be worthwhile to review Journal Club (an app with landmark clinical trials) for your patient’s disease and mention a trial during your discussions.
Try to pick up simple, straightforward patients whenever possible. For example, the young person with DKA and no PMH will help you learn more about DKA than the advanced type 2 diabetic with DKA versus HHS, heart failure, COPD, etc. The picture gets too muddled.
Stay organized with Google Calendar, to-do lists, and Notes app or a small notebook for noting questions and feedback in the hospital. You can use OneNote or EverNote to keep track of notes on specific diseases and information like that.
ORAL PRESENTATIONS: In all presentations, it’s a good idea to “signpost” meaning say something to indicate organization (“Now I’ll move onto the imaging…”). If you’re on surgery or EM, keep it very brief (maybe only 5 sentences), mostly focused on A&P with relevant subjective/objective data tied in as evidence. For IM formal presentations, my H&P order is: HPI (focus on timeframe of onset, acuity, relevant demographic especially age, highly relevant PMH), pertinent ROS (pertinent only), PMH (with active meds and if the patients are compliant), allergies (especially antibiotics), family history (only immediate and only if relevant), social history (again, only if relevant – focus on smoking) then go on to objective data in order of vitals (if fever, include Tmax and if hypo or hypertensive, include trend of vitals with intervention), focused physical exam, labs (point out abnormalities, especially look for leukocytosis and bandemia), imaging, then one sentence summary and then assessment and plan. When talking with your team, use medical jargon, but use simple, clear terms with your patients and their families.
Organize your assessment and plan with a clear numbered problem list in order of importance. Put your nickel down and make a guess on your assessment and plan even if you’re wrong. One way to make sure you cover all problems is to include 1) chief complaint, then 2) objective abnormalities, then 3) chronic ongoing problems. A good way to generate a differential diagnosis is to include a life-threatening disease you don’t want to miss, the disease that is most likely and most common, and one disease zebra.
TESTS: When deciding whether to recommend a test, consider whether the result will change your management and if so, how. Recall that tests have different sensitivity and specificity and consider this when formulating a plan. After a test comes back, rearrange your problem list based on the posttest findings.
SOAP: SOAP is a shorter version focused on changes from the day before and stands for: subjective, objective, assessment, and plan. Make sure to note any interventions, changes, or acute events since the day before. Make sure to re-order problem list in A&P based on what is now the most important problem. For surgery, always ask patients about pain management, flatulence, and bowel movements since the day before.
POWERPOINT: For Powerpoint presentations, you can make them look extra stylish with pictures/design from Pixabay. Reference an article from Journal Club to look very academic.
OSCES: Highly recommend http://geekymedics.com to learn a great structure for approaching OSCEs.
APPS: Download Epic Haiku to your cell phone to look up labs on the go. MDCalc for common algorithms and those prediction models attendings like. I like Journal Club for landmark trials in each specialty. ACR Criteria is a good app for choosing which imaging to pursue. USPSTF is useful for preventive med guidelines, such as family med. I just downloaded this app, so barely used it yet, but CPSolvers has some cool schemas chief complaints.
RESOURCES FOR MULTIPLE CLERKSHIPS:
U World: This is so obvious that I almost forgot to write it – U World! For all clerkships, all the time. Hit those questions hard and make U World flashcards from the explanations to hit it again.
OME: Learn the basics of the clerkship by reviewing OME in the first week of the clerkship. https://onlinemeded.org I think OME is a little overrated in general, especially not great for advancing, but it’s fine for basics.
Emma Holliday: Emma Holliday Videos are invaluable when available (surgery, IM, psych, and peds). Watch the video, pausing to try to answer her questions, and reference her powerpoint slides for review.
Practice NBMEs: I used the NBMEs for every single shelf, and I found them indispensable. They are relatively predictive (perhaps a bit of an underestimate), and of course, the more questions, the better. They lack explanations, however.
Sometimes you’re just way too tired and burnt out to study. That’s fine. Instead, focus on a reasonable microhabit, like studying 20 minutes full-attention, and then quitting and relaxing. Don’t drag it out. Be efficient with full attention, and you can get a ton done in shorter amounts of time. And if things are becoming overwhelming, I go back to my earlier advice – ask for help early and often.
CLERKSHIP/SPECIALTY SPECIFIC
CORE:
Internal Medicine: Oft repeated, but still true - my favorite resource was Step Up to Medicine. The most high yield topics to succeed in the clerkship are cardiology, pulmonology, and nephro (especially acid-base). I tried SketchyIM, but only found it okay. Although I loved SketchyMicro and SketchyPharm, I don’t think I’d recommend all that cost for SketchyIM as it was when I tried it at launch. Step Up to Medicine + 1400 U World questions is challenging to complete, but enough to rock the clerkship.
For more advanced/M4 learning, you can venture into some specific resources. I’m going to come down firmly and say I believe the best EKG book is The Only EKG Book You’ll Ever Need by Malcolm Thaler. I tried Dubin, and the formatting drove me crazy. You can read and understand Thaler relatively quickly, and you’ll have a great framework for EKGs. You can practice more EKGs with: https://litfl.com. I had a hell of a time understanding acid-base, and only recently really understood how to identify mixed acid-base disorders (besides eyeballing it). To really understand acid-base beyond primary disorders, I recommend the Acid-Base chapter in the The Ventilator Book by Williams Owens and a paper called A Practical Approach to Acid-Base Disorders by Richard Haber (1991).
Surgery: I highly recommend Surgery: A Case Based Clinical Review by Christian de Virgilio. I did not use this until after my clerkship, but I wish I had used it earlier. Surgery was one of my weaker subjects while studying for Step 2 CK, so I picked this up, and surgery became of my best subjects. This book rocks because it also includes a lot of medicine, which is a strong emphasis on the shelf and CK. Total Surgical Recall is okay for pimping in the OR, but not adequate for shelf studying. Pestana is commonly recommended, but I think too basic beyond the first week. General advice for surgery: practice suturing early at home with a kit (don’t wait for someone to teach you), and pretend you’re in the military when interacting with surgery faculty. As in, be exceedingly polite, respect the hierarchy, and always say “sir” and “ma’am.” I am not at all the surgery personality, but because of these guidelines for myself, I was surprised to find I got tons of positive feedback on surgery, even from the hardass stereotypical surgeons, and the clerkship director tried to convince me to switch to surgery. Yes, that was a brag, what can I say.
If you have trouble with feeling lightheaded during surgery, wear compression socks, slow your breathing with the 4 by 4 technique, don’t lock your knees in the OR, remember to drink water and eat regularly (avoid hypoglycemia), and look away from the surgical field if you need to.
Psych/Neuro: Neuro and Psych have a significant chunk of overlap, so it behooves you to understand both well. The better you know neuro, the better you’ll do on psych and vice versa. First Aid for Psychiatry is outstanding. For neuro, the neurology section in First Aid for USMLE Step 1 is actually super useful. I also used this while studying for Step 2 CK. I also liked Case Files Neurology, which I didn’t really hear people talking about, but I found useful. I tried Blueprints for Neurology, but didn’t find it to be in enough detail for my liking.
Peds: Highly recommend BRS Pediatrics. This is a big book, but outstanding. I think this is the only resource you need, so this section is easy.
Ob/Gyn: I never found the best resource for this one, but ended up using First Aid for Ob/Gyn most of all. There are Ob/Gyn questions on ACOG, but I found them repetitive and not particularly useful. Please comment if you found an awesome Ob/Gyn resource.
Family Medicine: Family Medicine is a combo of IM, Peds, and Ob/Gyn. Combine your resources for those clerkships, and you’ll be in better shape. Also focus on outpatient medicine and memorizing your vaccination and USPSTF guidelines.
MISC:
EM: To do well in EM, you need to know how to workup an undifferentiated patient for each common complaint and what deadly conditions need to be ruled out. Don’t mess around with IM shit like hepatorenal syndrome blah blah. No, focus on chest pain, abdominal pain, stroke, GI bleeds, PE, ACS, sepsis, trauma, and that kind of thing. If you want to be clinically outstanding, practice your procedures and suturing thoroughly beforehand and be prepared to jump in hands-on. Look here for procedure guide videos: https://www.nejm.org/multimedia/medical-videos.
Radiology: You can check out https://www.med-ed.virginia.edu/courses/rad/or Learning Radiology: Recognizing the Basics by William Herring.
Anesthesia: Check out this handbook to get a lay of the land and basics: http://www.anesthesiology.uci.edu/downloads/advanced_clinical_rotation_605D_handbook.pdf
Dermatology: This Basic Dermatology Curriculum is awesome: https://www.aad.org/membeeducation/residents/bdc.
CONCLUSION
And I’ll stop there! There’s certainly room for more advice on M4, interviews, and all that, but I’ll save that for another day. I want to emphasize that I’ve gathered so much invaluable information and advice from multiple sources, so thank you to all the people that came before me. Hope this helps you, and good luck out there! Remember that the most important things are to prioritize your wellbeing and show up with integrity, a positive attitude, and strong work ethic. Don’t be too hard on yourself! If you disagree with any of my suggestions or have additional recommendations, please feel free to share in the comments.
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2020.09.28 23:54 WilllNylander From ~600 Cold to 770 (Q48 V51): A Debrief of My Summer Journey

Brief Overview: My final score line read: 770, 48Q, 51V, 8IR. It was a long and difficult road that involved 350+ hours of prep.

My Background

I'm a native english speaker but the child of immigrant parents and a first gen college student - that is to say, although I was native, there was no english spoken in my household and I honestly wasn't a particularly good english student as a result growing up. However, in high school, I started to read a lot just in my own time and my general verbal skills improved drastically. I was an engineering major and did very well in my courses, so I had solid quant foundations. Moreover, I graduated this past spring, so my GMAT preparation and test occurred while I was on break in between graduating school and starting full-time. Finally, this was the first standardized test I have ever taken.

Overview of Preparation

Starting Point
I actually never did a true cold diagnostic. However, after flipping through the basic lessons in the Official Guide to get a sense for what is tested on the GMAT, I worked through the short diagnostic test that the OG provides. I completed this without time pressure, and really took my time, so if anything, my results here would be an overstatement of my actual capability at this point.
Now, this cold diagnostic doesn't have a "true" score attached to it, but there are some references online that provide rough estimates for how your diagnostic score scales to an actual GMAT score. My diagnostic was estimated at approximately 600 (Q36 V35). That's based on the following diagnostic performance:
1) Problem Solving: 16/24
2) Data Sufficiency: 17/24
3) Reading Comprehension: 13/17
4) Critical Reasoning: 14/17
5) Sentence Correction: 12/18
Initial Preparation
I started my preparation in May. I already had access to the old Manhattan guides as PDF's, so I started here by working through all of the quant books first, and then working through their SC and RC books as well. It took me about 80 hours or so to work through all of Manhattan in addition to slowly starting to work through some small OG problem sets (mostly easy questions).
At this point, I decided to take the official mock test #1 to see where I was at. Unfortunately, although I scored really well, it was a very poor simulation of the actual test. I had to pause multiple times due to distractions in the house (which gave me extra time to think about questions) and even paused to consult my notes for one question (facapalm). In any case, I didn't feel god writing the test - for some questions, I ended up getting them right for the wrong reasons, I felt like I was scrambling the entire time, etc. I knew I needed a lot more preparation ahead of my late September test date.
TTP + OG
In mid July, I started TTP, and I planned to work through it over the course of the next 2 months leading up to my scheduled GMAT.
I first went through the entire quant course (all lessons + examples) and about 30% of the chapter tests (mostly focusing on medium and hard). I was consistently above the target accuracy outside of a few hard tests on some topics (like combinatorics / probability). My medium tests were usually 90-100% while hard tests were 80-95%. Then, I went through the verbal content that was available (SC and CR) including all of the chapter tests (because there are very few of them currently available). I was certainly feeling more confident in my quant ability after all of this (and I mean....good grief, I BETTER be feeling confident after putting in all of this time!). In total, I estimate that I spent ~200 hours on TTP.
In August, I started working through increasingly larger OG problem sets using the online tool. I started with a mix across easy / medium / hard, but once I saw that I was at ~95% accuracy on easy, I started to focus exclusively on medium / hard. As I was getting close to my practice test phase, I started to work on larger problem set sizes so as to better simulate the test taking experience (i.e. 30 timed problems for quant and ~40 timed problems for verbal as a stamina challenge).

Practice Testing

Once I finished TTP, there was nothing left to do but actually work on OG problems and, of course, the actual OG tests. I tried to simulate these as realistically as possible, including:
Here were my practice test results on official mocks (tests 2 - 6). Note that these were pretty close to one another in time - the largest gap between two tests was 1 week:
Test # Composite Score Quant Verbal IR
2 750 50 42 8
3 770 50 44 5
4 770 50 44 5
5 770 50 47 8
6 770 51 44 8
Some quick observations / notes on my practice tests:

Test Day

At the end of it all, all of your preparation means nothing if you don't execute on test day. At this point, I had put in ~350 hours into test prep. I was conflicted internally between the two following thoughts:
1) Wow, I've done so much prep. How can I not do great here?
2) Wow, I've done so much prep...what if despite hundreds of hours, I mess this up??
Ultimately, test taking psychology is so important and underrated. It's easy to tell people "just be confident" and whatnot. The best thing you can do mitigate that anxiety is just prepping as much as possible. Aside from that, simulating test day is a good idea. I had more confidence knowing that I had used the erasable notepad and used my mask. In general, you want to limit surprises on test day. In the week leading up to my exam, I tried to visualize taking the test at night time. I would imaging walking into the test centre and feeling confident through the exam. I would imagine seeing a 770 flash on my screen at the end.
When I was driving there, I felt INCREDIBLY nervous. I wanted to barf! However, as soon as I walked into the Pearson test centre and sat in the lobby, I was amazed: I felt incredibly calm. I had looked up what the test centres looked like and had done these visualization exercises - perhaps that was the trick?
I went with verbal - quant - IR - AWA as my order. Verbal felt pretty good overall. It was in line with the difficulty of the official mocks, IMO. At most, some of the RC questions were more vague than what I was accustomed to. After the break, I moved onto quant - this had always been my stronger section and my performance here in practice was remarkably steady.
However...I failed to execute on quant. There were 2 questions where I spent ~4 minutes on them before giving up and guessing. As some of you know, this is a recipe for disaster. This prompted me to move quickly through the other questions, causing me to lose precision and miss on some medium level questions for sure.
Going into the final stretch, I told myself at this point that what's done was done. IMO, with IR and AWA, you just want to avoid having a blemish on your score. From my prep, IR was honestly a wild card. There are some IR questions in general where I was just confused at what it was asking. However, the test IR's ended up feeling alright.
And then...right after submitting the AWA, the final score immediately appeared. In summary:
770, 48Q, 51V, 8IR
I immediately did two massive fist pumps at my desk before calming myself before catching the ire of the test proctors. I couldn't care less about my splits at this point - I saw the 770 and knew I was done. Interestingly, at this point, I didn't even feel happiness or enjoyment per se. It was more so a feeling of...relief.
Obviously, the quant / verbal split was unexpected. I'm still a bit disappointed in dropping to Q48 as I feel that that's definitely below my actual talent level...but I was thrilled with the V51, obviously. In the end, I was able to tighten up my focus on verbal for test day. During my mock tests, even on the ones where I had gotten 2-3 wrong, they were usually careless mistakes on second glance. I felt I could put it together to throw a perfect game on verbal on test day...and thankfully that materialized!

List of Resources Used:

Happy to expand on any of this in the comments:

Section Tips / Commentary:

I'll keep this brief here because, but please do follow up with any questions you may have.
Quant in General
Don't take quant lightly, even if you're a quant major. I was an engineering major at a top school who got an A+ in university level probability and statistics. Guess what? I scored a 66% on my first TTP hard probability test and to this day, will still get some stats questions wrong. Maintaining precision on quant questions is key.
Verbal in General
Ultimately, the most important thing I can say is that verbal is learnable, even for international students. You can improve your verbal capacity as far as this test goes. I hope I stand as evidence of this fact!
Fire away with any questions you have! Also feel free to DM me as well :)
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2020.09.28 14:38 Army_Bot Summary For: Weekly Question Thread (9/21/2020 to 9/27/2020)

What MOS’s are good for the 75th if you want to be a door kicker? Would 11x suffice?
What about 35F? Spoke with a recruiter who told that the option 40 contracts are limited and it is easier to just volunteer after AIT
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So I’m planning on taking the asvab but my recruiter is telling me I have to stay over at the hotel the night before the test because of new covid protocol procedure. Is he lying or telling the truth on this? I’ll be heading to Fort Hamilton for the test
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anyone been to sfas what workout or muscle should you have focused on first. my running is my priority at this moment and am focusing on more weightlifting strength after hopefully having made it through.
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I have MEPs on Friday and might be in need of a medical waiver. What can I expect?
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Hello all! My question is about enlisting 35W. I scored highly on both the ASVAB and DLAB, and my end goal is a Linguist role. I am asking because I’ve come to understand that 35W/M are in some sort of transition and I just want to make absolutely certain that I am going to be on the right path. Thank you so much, any and all insight or feedback is greatly appreciated!
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Are masks mandatory in basic training now during runs and rucking?
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I’m about to ship to BCT but I was wondering, with COVID going on, how do I go about getting some of my civilian clothes, my laptop, etc to me at AIT? Can my AD Navy friend bring them to me since he has base access or is that a no go in AIT?
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Also, can females use a mesh hair donut in boot camp, or are we only allowed bobby pins?
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Are there any AD 37Fs active on here? I'm strongly considering a 37X contract and I'd like to ask a few questions if you have the time.
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75th Ranger Question. What are the requirements to volunteer for the regiment as an 11A? I can’t find anything online. I’m hoping to commission within the next year and I’m assuming that you can’t graduate IBOLC and then go straight to volunteering for regiment; I can’t find any information on this though. I’m sure u/75thRangerRecruiter could help
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I was wondering what is the process in order to get into specialty schools in the army. I'm all about learning more and improving and I am really interested about mountain, jungle, and Arctic school. I want to attend all these before I hit up ranger school and then attend sfas. Anyone have any thoughtful opinions or insight on getting into these schools? Thank you
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Has Anyone transitioned from AD to guard to fly? Without being a pilot already
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As anyone been to the Battle Staff VTT course? If so, how is it with connections and talking to the instructors via computer?
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Has anybody ever tried getting skillport to work on an xbox? I want to be able to watch the videos on my TV.
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Anyone know if SF Group Support Battalions have slots for 2LTs? Is it possible to be assigned to a GSB as a loggie straight out of BOLC?
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Just got this text from my recruiter re: my packet when I asked for updates and said I had a lot of life paths hanging in the balance:
"I understand, unfortunately this is not a quick process. My best recommendation is go on with your current plans. Once we know if you are approved to even physical, and then pass the physical, that is good for 2 years so you have time to still take it into effect with your decision making process."
Am I fucked?
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Joining after a suicide attempt? long story short when i was 13 I was feeling real bad and tried to kill myself. I went to a mental hospital for 7 days. I had out patient care for a few months after and before. I was on antidepressants for less ~8 months (but never took them). I am 18 now and and very very interested in joining the military. I originally wanted to go navy but they dqed me full stop nothing they could do. I talked to my army recruiter and told him about my situation. He told me i should lie and not to worry about it. But i have scars on my arm from SH and the navy already has my full medical records. Should i be worried about the navy's records getting to the army? And should i go against my morals and lie to meps? Like i said i really have no other plans i didn't realize its was a automatic DQ even if you are better for multiple years.
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Who knows how to access Assignment Satisfaction Key from a personal computer? Ive been trying for like a week or so and keep gettinf "Err_connection reset". Any have a fix?
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Wanting to join after my husband getting out. My recruiter told me to lie and say I’ve never taken Antidepressants, because as long as it’s over 2 years ago I’ll be fine. But I was on Tricare when I was given them. Will I be okay as long as I say I never took any? Or can they get access to that.
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Prior service returning as an 11X e-5 here via OSUT. Do I get a PCS move when I arrive at my final duty station? I'll be in the barracks but still want my kitchenware, personal stuff, and to ship my car.
For guys in OSUT/Benning, when do you recommend bringing out my car, if at all?
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Ex Canadian infantry here. I'm looking to pick up a few green "Book, Memorandum" (NSN 7530-00-222-3521), been in love with them since I got my first one while on training the in US. Where can I buy a legit one online that has the classic, cloth, not plastic/paper, cover? Cheers.
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When does the ACFT take over as the test of record? I always thought it was 01OCT20, but I took it recently and one of the graders announced something about FY23. That’s so far away. Any idea what they could have been talking about?
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Hey all, I hope you're doing well! I was just wondering if some of you could clarify what my recruiter told me. I first asked my recruiter about 2 year active duty contracts and also asked him if it would be 2 years active with 6 years of IRR or if it would be 2 years active with 2 years in the Reserves and then 4 years of IRR. He said it was possible to make it 2 years with 6 years of IRR (which seemed too good to be true), but I went along with it. I was supposed to go to MEPS in the next few days, but thankfully another recruiter caught the mistake and informed me it was 2 years active with 2 years in the Reserves. After that, my recruiter offered a 3 year contract. However, the other recruiter clarified it was 3 years plus basic and AIT. Is that true or does the 3 years include both BCT and AIT? Thanks for the help!
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Hey, I'm an 11B with Delta 2/19 at Sand Hill rn. Just turned green a few days ago. I couldn't get an option 40 while enlisting because of a past surgery but my GE and PT scores are competitive for RASP. I heard Ranger recruiters may come around at some point asking for volunteers.
Anyone have any experience with this or know about what week that might happen? I heard because of Covid things are a little weird atm and they might not be as active recruiting guys out of basic atm.
Also general order number 5 is really twisting my nuts. So excited for general order 6.
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what was the funnest helicopter repairer mos im looking into that one and im not sure if i want apache or the chinook since you can ride in them
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I am currently a sophomore in college and I'm planning on enlisting in the Army at the end of my spring semester. I heard that I need to send in my spring class schedule to the army and pass all of the classes on the schedule in order to be accepted. Can anyone clarify this process for me? I'm having a little trouble understanding how and why this process needs to happen. Thank you in advance.
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How's life at airborne school right now?
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I'm currently an E-4 11b considering reclassing to EOD. I get out in a little over a year but I'm wondering if I'll have to reenlist/extend to reclass. I'd talk to my battalion career counselor but I'm quarantined for the next week. Thanks in advance.
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Social life in the army? I keep seeing posts about people being very lonely and unhappy. I'm thinking about enlisting,going great with the recruiter and i'm very excited about the job etc. However,i don't want to end up feeling like that,is this something i need to consider?
I'm very happy with myself,good mental stability and some other virtues so i'm not worried about ending up in a bad place.
I am worried i will end up with no one in my life. I have no family,some friends but they won't be around. And some that won't be friends after i join (i don't follow the lifestyle i was raised in and this is another thing that goes against some cultural expectations etc,was cut out of the community/family/friends) long story short,Can i count on the army to provide some opportunities for a social life/friendship or can i end up like some of these posts? Should i take this into consideration? Is this something i should be worried about?
Sorry about the stupid(?)question,it's just important to me.
(Edit: because i posted too soon)
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In the recruitment process ATM but recently my recruiter went back into the field. I didn't get a heads up about it and was in the process of having people send over some documents. Will my new recruiter be able to access documents sent over to the old recruiter's email address? Or should I just ask these folks to send to the new recruiter's email?
New recruiters answers to this question are pretty vague *shrug*
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Hey everyone, i’ve been really excited because I want to enlist next month. I’ve been thinking about it for a LONG time and would like to go through with it, however im really nervous about basic training. Mainly because I get the occasional headache, and while not diagnosed, im pretty sure I get migraines. I take excedrin migraine for them, but I don’t get them often. However, I know you can’t take any medicine with you to Basic. does anyone have any advice for me? I don’t want to get a migraine there and have to be sent home, but this is something I really want to do.
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I got recommended for a med a few months ago, and I have a P3 profile but I haven't been contacted by anyone since, is there someone I should call? I already sent my PCM a message just curious if there is anywhere else I could get some information.
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I'm an 11-X and my osut got pushed to October 1st has this happened to anyone else?
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I’m wanting to finish my degree in criminal justice. I have enough completed for an associates, and want to go for my bachelors. I’ve been told MP osut gives college credits towards criminal justice. Is this true?
Also what MOS would you recommend that gives enough “off time” in order to complete last two years of your bachelors. I’m really interested in MP since my degree is criminal justice, also the potential college credits which would help in getting my degree, but I’ve heard MPs have little time off. Any information and suggestions would be greatly appreciated.
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Currently in the Army Reserve and put my paperwork in to go Active and reclass to Infantry. Will I be placed at the beginning of BCT again or will I start during the OSUT phase? As an E3 what will my experience be like? Do I have to shave my dome again?
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So I got out of RA a year ago now. I served “7 1/2 years”. I went into the reserves right after went to 5 drill weekends never got paid never got a chance to inprocess. I did everything they asked , January rolls around I ask them to go IRR the CO and Top had no issues with that. I fill out the paper work then, I leave my PSG sends me a message saying they can ETS me instead like I never was in the reserves. I agreed to it and I drove on. Everything is good for a few months I finally get a message from my PSG I need to sign the paper work again, after not hearing from anyone over there for months I do it and not worry about it. I get told a month later, I gotta check in with my PSG once a week to check the status of my packet. which I do no problem fast forward to August. I’m getting told to sign my NCOER even though, I only worked for them about 5 months so I’m hesitant about signing. A new PL gets mad and tells me I have to if not I’ll get demoted and a negative discharge and says I have all these U’s for Feb-July I should basically have my ass handed to me. so I was forced to sign and start attending their zoom meetings. I spoke to my PSG and 1sgt about everything and they just tell me okay then brush it off, it’s like I’m not being heard. I spoke to jag they said the only thing they can do is fix the pay issue. So my question is what should I do? What can I do I just want to be done with them?
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I graduated college with a BA in computer science. I got a job that had me sign a 2 year commitment contract with them. I am starting to not like this job and I always had a itch to go for OCS. Will my 2 year contract keep me from joining or does USERRA have me covered?
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Are there any 92W slots open at Bragg I can beg the career counselor for at physical and enlist?
Thank you.
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If someone in the army were to marry someone from the air force, what are the chances of them being able to live togetheactually get stationed in the same or nearby places?
Thanks for any info in advance
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When will the Army issue out the OML for SSG’s?
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What is Fort Benning Basic Training like during Covid (now)?
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I'm looking to join the army and would like to know if I should go for enlisted or officer contract?
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What are your thoughts or words of advice for me, the 30yo female about to enlist 35W? Brutal honesty encouraged.
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What exactly does a prior service with 6 years and a masters in public administration do in the army as a officer? What fields should I look into and what is ocs like
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Do direct commission applicants still go to BCT and then OCS? If so, then what exactly is the difference between direction commissioning and the regular route of becoming an officer?
According to the Army website, "Direct Commission allows leaders in professional fields to become Army Officers immediately. Typically, a direct commission is given if you have an undergraduate degree, as well as expertise and special skills the Army needs at that time." I can see this happening maybe for a doctor or something, but I am primarily concerned with 17A Cyber Operations Officer.
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What type of underwear do you have to wear to the mini health exam and ship day? I’ve seen people say you have to wear briefs but others say it doesn’t matter. With corona I have to bring multiple sets of clothes so I need to know if I have to bring something specific
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Im currently doing OSUT to become a 11C and am having a hard time dealing with a fractured foot thats holding me back from completing my ruck for the Forge and probably the 12 and 16 mile that are required to graduate. Anybody got any tips on what I can do to get through this and not be recycled?
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How difficult is it to travel back to the US if you're stationed in Italy/Germany?
Edit: Not with COVID travel restrictions, just normally
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Can someone explain to me what the division commander's hip pocket scholarship is? I'm interested in that, but I'm confused on the benefit portion. Mostly interested in the financial information. Not sure if it's pertinent, but I'm currently an active duty staff sgt.
The application has you fill out a financial statement (cc form 228-r) and it's very invasive about your finances. Things like partner's salary, total monthly debts, whatever I'll fill it out. I'm confused though, in the bottom portion it asks about total monthly income, stipends, loans, salaries, ect.
So I guess the few things I'm not understnding are, don't I "ETS" and not have a salary unless I get a part time job? Do I stay "in" with the division commander's hip pocket scholarship and accrue federal service time? If I stay in, do I keep my current salary and get BAH and things like that? If I have to uproot my family and PCS to my college with no salary and living off of a $420 stipend, I don't think my wife and me could afford it which would definitely hamper my commissioning process.
Appreciate any info anyone has on this process, or even if someone has a POC I can contact who has been through this process.
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O1-E Question:
If I have 4+ years enlisted in the guard and then commission, do I qualify for O1-E pay?
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So I had a call with my recruiter today and he said I won't be able to get a waiver for nystagmus. I was born with it and I guess there's nothing I can do about it. Was just wondering if its normal for something like nystagmus to be disqualified and not able to waive. I am also talking to the airforce as well so who knows maybe they will waive it.
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I have a question for anyone who just finished 88M AIT. If you were an MOS-T or if you had an MOS-T in your class, how was the MOS-T process. Did MOS-T soldiers live in the same barracks as the new soldiers or are there MOS-T barracks you stay in and just show up in the morning for PT and at the hit times at the class locations?
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I am a Canadian citizen, never been to the US, reasonably fit in both mind and body, and am willing to do pretty much anything to become one owing to the sorry state of our own armed forces. The question is, how many hoops (bullshit) would I have to go through in order to have a shot at making it (Immigration, Security clearance requiring naturalization, etc) as an Army Ranger?
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Anyone know the NSN for extended peq15 pressure switches for 240s? No idea what key words to search for that.
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How do I know if army is offering re-enlistment bonuses for my MOS?
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Continuation Pay for those over 8 yrs of service.
https://militarypay.defense.gov/Portals/3/Documents/BlendedRetirementDocuments/Continuation%20Pay%20Rates%202020.pdf
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Looking for extra life insurance while in the military?
https://www.aafmaa.com/life-insurance?campaignid=201489191&adgroupid=42397443724&creative=321064913006&matchtype=b&network=g&device=c&keyword=vgli&gclid=Cj0KCQjwqrb7BRDlARIsACwGad4fqTytEaZMgytWsvPcyIENcHUY0H3ef1w8AFaHT4qr_I4mPBrcMlIaArU1EALw_wcB
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I saw it in another thread and didn't want to hijack it.
Do medical slots fill up fast? Like 68C?
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Super new to researching entering into the military. Someone I know in a different branch told me that when you join Army, no matter your MOS (even if you get 92Y or 68X) you will indefinitely ship to fight. Is this accurate?
Also how often can you change your MOS?
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How's Benning at the moment? I hear it's a bit crowded. I was wondering what that leaves in store for prior service coming there for OSUT
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I'm 28 almost 29 years old, have my bachelor's degree, but I'm not in-shape. I'm currently looking at enlisting as an E-4 and hoping to later go to OCS and commission as an officer. What would be a realistic timeline (my recruiter says I could basically arrive at the unit and request ocs right away...sounds fishy to me) and which MOS would be good for this (if any are better than others)?
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My recruiter is telling me to lie about multiple things and I am uncomfortable doing so. I am 27 years old. I was on anti-depressants about 6-7 years ago for a short period, but stopped taking them quickly after starting. I DID have a prescription though and he's saying to just say I didn't. I am not depressed and have not had any issues since, but I don't want to lie and screw myself later on.  
I did convince him to include a waiver for a misdemeanor charge from about 5 years ago. It irritated me that he even suggested just ignoring it.  
I'm also getting a waiver for a surgery I had about 14 years ago (foot injury called "jones break", simple surgery)  
Then there's just weird shit he's saying to lie about, like saying my wife's step-dad is her real dad. Saying I never had a passport, even though I did and just no longer physically have it.  
Everyone in this recruiting office seems to say the same things he does.  
I want this badly. I want to serve my country. The thought of doing it by beginning with a lie makes me feel ashamed of myself. I have not yet been to MEPS. Only done some paperwork and taken a pre-ASVAB test (scored 75). Should I just contact a different recruiter and explain my situation? I don't want to just screw over my current recruiter, but I really don't want to fuck myself down the road for stupid lies.
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Just a few questions if anyone is willing to help out. I’m currently serving in Active Duty right now. Just hit my two year mark. Hitting my ETS date in 18 months. I’m probably going to separate from the Army once I hit my time but I was also thinking about switching to the National Guard. My questions are: For anyone who has done switched, how different was it from Active Duty? Another question is: Is it possible to be a part of a State’s Unit without actually having lived there? Basically, I’m originally from California, but I’d want to move to Arizona, so is there a way I can be a part of the AZ National Guard, or would I have to be a part of the CA NG? I understand that I would need to be a current resident for the particular state to be a part of its NG, but what if it’s a switch from Active Duty?
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Hi everyone,
So currently I’m in Korea and my DEROS is end of Jan. My Report date, Early March. I have an authorized early report date of 60 days.
I was just wondering if I could take my leave before my DEROS since I have an early report date of 60 days.
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A enlisted person can get LRP and the Enlisted Bonus? Or you are only able to get one of this "benefits"?. Also, I scored 72 on the asvab. i have not signed anything yet
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what does the select reserve gi bill really cover? I know that it lasts for 36 months and I will receive a monthly stipend but what else is included?
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Can a soldier request to receive BAS if they have a specialized diet, but that is not prescribed for religious observance or alternative lifestyles (vegan/vegetarian)?
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Doing a comparison of AirForce VS Army.
Sorry for sounding so naive, but quite frankly I'm someone that knows jk st about the military (I have an idea about it, but that's as far as it goes). I'm intent on enlisting, and still weighing the pros and cons between these two branches.. I feel interested in both, but can't make up my mind. I dont wanna be stuck at a desk all the time, but I don't need to be in the field all the time either... I do plan on becoming an officer once I get my bachelor's but I heard it gets pretty competitive in the AF when compared to the Army... what input do you guys have for a guy like myself? Any perspective and experience is much appreciated
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Are u guys still wearing berets? Are u able to get one at BX?
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What is the best MOS in the 68 series where I would have time to take night classes (i.e. classes with labs)?
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Tl;DR: Do you need to go active to get good training or is OSUT enough?
Hello, I have a few questions about joining the army infantry to determine if it's even a worthwhile pursuit in this day and age.
Is Infantry OSUT even useful training? Or do you only get the useful stuff at your unit? Could you be somewhat competent with just this and possibly being trained by a combat veteran?
Does your active unit even teach you good training nowadays, or would I be spending my entire 2-3 year enlistment as basically a glorified janitogroundskeeper now that it's peacetime?
If the active route doesn't hold much value anymore, would I basically be getting the same value in terms of training and skills to just join the guard or reserves?
Thanks for anyone taking the time to read this and respond.
I'm a prior service Air Force vet and a former amateur MMA fighter. After learning to fight with unarmed for 2 plus years, I've come to realize my complete lack of skills in regards to weapons and modern combat (and TBH, I also kind of miss the military life). With the way the world is going, I think these skills are becoming increasingly important. I don't expect or want to become some kind of door-kicking badass operator, but I would like to have gun skills and be able to be somewhat competent in a firefight.
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for anyone experiencing bipola depression/ mood disorders, what was your experience in the army? basic training and beyond?
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Hey, so I'm 20yo and thinking about joining soon. My only concern is that I want to take care of my own health and don't want the government dictating what I should be doing for my own health.
I did some research and found there is a religious exemption form from vaccines and such.
Would that exempt me from all vaccines?
I'd appreciate it if someone would share more info if they have it, thank you!
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submitted by Army_Bot to army [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 14:38 Army_Bot Summary For: Weekly Question Thread (9/21/2020 to 9/27/2020)

What MOS’s are good for the 75th if you want to be a door kicker? Would 11x suffice?
What about 35F? Spoke with a recruiter who told that the option 40 contracts are limited and it is easier to just volunteer after AIT
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So I’m planning on taking the asvab but my recruiter is telling me I have to stay over at the hotel the night before the test because of new covid protocol procedure. Is he lying or telling the truth on this? I’ll be heading to Fort Hamilton for the test
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anyone been to sfas what workout or muscle should you have focused on first. my running is my priority at this moment and am focusing on more weightlifting strength after hopefully having made it through.
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I have MEPs on Friday and might be in need of a medical waiver. What can I expect?
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Hello all! My question is about enlisting 35W. I scored highly on both the ASVAB and DLAB, and my end goal is a Linguist role. I am asking because I’ve come to understand that 35W/M are in some sort of transition and I just want to make absolutely certain that I am going to be on the right path. Thank you so much, any and all insight or feedback is greatly appreciated!
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Are masks mandatory in basic training now during runs and rucking?
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I’m about to ship to BCT but I was wondering, with COVID going on, how do I go about getting some of my civilian clothes, my laptop, etc to me at AIT? Can my AD Navy friend bring them to me since he has base access or is that a no go in AIT?
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Also, can females use a mesh hair donut in boot camp, or are we only allowed bobby pins?
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Are there any AD 37Fs active on here? I'm strongly considering a 37X contract and I'd like to ask a few questions if you have the time.
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75th Ranger Question. What are the requirements to volunteer for the regiment as an 11A? I can’t find anything online. I’m hoping to commission within the next year and I’m assuming that you can’t graduate IBOLC and then go straight to volunteering for regiment; I can’t find any information on this though. I’m sure u/75thRangerRecruiter could help
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I was wondering what is the process in order to get into specialty schools in the army. I'm all about learning more and improving and I am really interested about mountain, jungle, and Arctic school. I want to attend all these before I hit up ranger school and then attend sfas. Anyone have any thoughtful opinions or insight on getting into these schools? Thank you
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Has Anyone transitioned from AD to guard to fly? Without being a pilot already
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As anyone been to the Battle Staff VTT course? If so, how is it with connections and talking to the instructors via computer?
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Has anybody ever tried getting skillport to work on an xbox? I want to be able to watch the videos on my TV.
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Anyone know if SF Group Support Battalions have slots for 2LTs? Is it possible to be assigned to a GSB as a loggie straight out of BOLC?
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Just got this text from my recruiter re: my packet when I asked for updates and said I had a lot of life paths hanging in the balance:
"I understand, unfortunately this is not a quick process. My best recommendation is go on with your current plans. Once we know if you are approved to even physical, and then pass the physical, that is good for 2 years so you have time to still take it into effect with your decision making process."
Am I fucked?
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Joining after a suicide attempt? long story short when i was 13 I was feeling real bad and tried to kill myself. I went to a mental hospital for 7 days. I had out patient care for a few months after and before. I was on antidepressants for less ~8 months (but never took them). I am 18 now and and very very interested in joining the military. I originally wanted to go navy but they dqed me full stop nothing they could do. I talked to my army recruiter and told him about my situation. He told me i should lie and not to worry about it. But i have scars on my arm from SH and the navy already has my full medical records. Should i be worried about the navy's records getting to the army? And should i go against my morals and lie to meps? Like i said i really have no other plans i didn't realize its was a automatic DQ even if you are better for multiple years.
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Who knows how to access Assignment Satisfaction Key from a personal computer? Ive been trying for like a week or so and keep gettinf "Err_connection reset". Any have a fix?
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Wanting to join after my husband getting out. My recruiter told me to lie and say I’ve never taken Antidepressants, because as long as it’s over 2 years ago I’ll be fine. But I was on Tricare when I was given them. Will I be okay as long as I say I never took any? Or can they get access to that.
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Prior service returning as an 11X e-5 here via OSUT. Do I get a PCS move when I arrive at my final duty station? I'll be in the barracks but still want my kitchenware, personal stuff, and to ship my car.
For guys in OSUT/Benning, when do you recommend bringing out my car, if at all?
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Ex Canadian infantry here. I'm looking to pick up a few green "Book, Memorandum" (NSN 7530-00-222-3521), been in love with them since I got my first one while on training the in US. Where can I buy a legit one online that has the classic, cloth, not plastic/paper, cover? Cheers.
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When does the ACFT take over as the test of record? I always thought it was 01OCT20, but I took it recently and one of the graders announced something about FY23. That’s so far away. Any idea what they could have been talking about?
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Hey all, I hope you're doing well! I was just wondering if some of you could clarify what my recruiter told me. I first asked my recruiter about 2 year active duty contracts and also asked him if it would be 2 years active with 6 years of IRR or if it would be 2 years active with 2 years in the Reserves and then 4 years of IRR. He said it was possible to make it 2 years with 6 years of IRR (which seemed too good to be true), but I went along with it. I was supposed to go to MEPS in the next few days, but thankfully another recruiter caught the mistake and informed me it was 2 years active with 2 years in the Reserves. After that, my recruiter offered a 3 year contract. However, the other recruiter clarified it was 3 years plus basic and AIT. Is that true or does the 3 years include both BCT and AIT? Thanks for the help!
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Hey, I'm an 11B with Delta 2/19 at Sand Hill rn. Just turned green a few days ago. I couldn't get an option 40 while enlisting because of a past surgery but my GE and PT scores are competitive for RASP. I heard Ranger recruiters may come around at some point asking for volunteers.
Anyone have any experience with this or know about what week that might happen? I heard because of Covid things are a little weird atm and they might not be as active recruiting guys out of basic atm.
Also general order number 5 is really twisting my nuts. So excited for general order 6.
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what was the funnest helicopter repairer mos im looking into that one and im not sure if i want apache or the chinook since you can ride in them
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I am currently a sophomore in college and I'm planning on enlisting in the Army at the end of my spring semester. I heard that I need to send in my spring class schedule to the army and pass all of the classes on the schedule in order to be accepted. Can anyone clarify this process for me? I'm having a little trouble understanding how and why this process needs to happen. Thank you in advance.
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How's life at airborne school right now?
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I'm currently an E-4 11b considering reclassing to EOD. I get out in a little over a year but I'm wondering if I'll have to reenlist/extend to reclass. I'd talk to my battalion career counselor but I'm quarantined for the next week. Thanks in advance.
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Social life in the army? I keep seeing posts about people being very lonely and unhappy. I'm thinking about enlisting,going great with the recruiter and i'm very excited about the job etc. However,i don't want to end up feeling like that,is this something i need to consider?
I'm very happy with myself,good mental stability and some other virtues so i'm not worried about ending up in a bad place.
I am worried i will end up with no one in my life. I have no family,some friends but they won't be around. And some that won't be friends after i join (i don't follow the lifestyle i was raised in and this is another thing that goes against some cultural expectations etc,was cut out of the community/family/friends) long story short,Can i count on the army to provide some opportunities for a social life/friendship or can i end up like some of these posts? Should i take this into consideration? Is this something i should be worried about?
Sorry about the stupid(?)question,it's just important to me.
(Edit: because i posted too soon)
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In the recruitment process ATM but recently my recruiter went back into the field. I didn't get a heads up about it and was in the process of having people send over some documents. Will my new recruiter be able to access documents sent over to the old recruiter's email address? Or should I just ask these folks to send to the new recruiter's email?
New recruiters answers to this question are pretty vague *shrug*
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Hey everyone, i’ve been really excited because I want to enlist next month. I’ve been thinking about it for a LONG time and would like to go through with it, however im really nervous about basic training. Mainly because I get the occasional headache, and while not diagnosed, im pretty sure I get migraines. I take excedrin migraine for them, but I don’t get them often. However, I know you can’t take any medicine with you to Basic. does anyone have any advice for me? I don’t want to get a migraine there and have to be sent home, but this is something I really want to do.
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I got recommended for a med a few months ago, and I have a P3 profile but I haven't been contacted by anyone since, is there someone I should call? I already sent my PCM a message just curious if there is anywhere else I could get some information.
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I'm an 11-X and my osut got pushed to October 1st has this happened to anyone else?
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I’m wanting to finish my degree in criminal justice. I have enough completed for an associates, and want to go for my bachelors. I’ve been told MP osut gives college credits towards criminal justice. Is this true?
Also what MOS would you recommend that gives enough “off time” in order to complete last two years of your bachelors. I’m really interested in MP since my degree is criminal justice, also the potential college credits which would help in getting my degree, but I’ve heard MPs have little time off. Any information and suggestions would be greatly appreciated.
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Currently in the Army Reserve and put my paperwork in to go Active and reclass to Infantry. Will I be placed at the beginning of BCT again or will I start during the OSUT phase? As an E3 what will my experience be like? Do I have to shave my dome again?
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So I got out of RA a year ago now. I served “7 1/2 years”. I went into the reserves right after went to 5 drill weekends never got paid never got a chance to inprocess. I did everything they asked , January rolls around I ask them to go IRR the CO and Top had no issues with that. I fill out the paper work then, I leave my PSG sends me a message saying they can ETS me instead like I never was in the reserves. I agreed to it and I drove on. Everything is good for a few months I finally get a message from my PSG I need to sign the paper work again, after not hearing from anyone over there for months I do it and not worry about it. I get told a month later, I gotta check in with my PSG once a week to check the status of my packet. which I do no problem fast forward to August. I’m getting told to sign my NCOER even though, I only worked for them about 5 months so I’m hesitant about signing. A new PL gets mad and tells me I have to if not I’ll get demoted and a negative discharge and says I have all these U’s for Feb-July I should basically have my ass handed to me. so I was forced to sign and start attending their zoom meetings. I spoke to my PSG and 1sgt about everything and they just tell me okay then brush it off, it’s like I’m not being heard. I spoke to jag they said the only thing they can do is fix the pay issue. So my question is what should I do? What can I do I just want to be done with them?
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I graduated college with a BA in computer science. I got a job that had me sign a 2 year commitment contract with them. I am starting to not like this job and I always had a itch to go for OCS. Will my 2 year contract keep me from joining or does USERRA have me covered?
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Are there any 92W slots open at Bragg I can beg the career counselor for at physical and enlist?
Thank you.
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If someone in the army were to marry someone from the air force, what are the chances of them being able to live togetheactually get stationed in the same or nearby places?
Thanks for any info in advance
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When will the Army issue out the OML for SSG’s?
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What is Fort Benning Basic Training like during Covid (now)?
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I'm looking to join the army and would like to know if I should go for enlisted or officer contract?
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What are your thoughts or words of advice for me, the 30yo female about to enlist 35W? Brutal honesty encouraged.
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What exactly does a prior service with 6 years and a masters in public administration do in the army as a officer? What fields should I look into and what is ocs like
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Do direct commission applicants still go to BCT and then OCS? If so, then what exactly is the difference between direction commissioning and the regular route of becoming an officer?
According to the Army website, "Direct Commission allows leaders in professional fields to become Army Officers immediately. Typically, a direct commission is given if you have an undergraduate degree, as well as expertise and special skills the Army needs at that time." I can see this happening maybe for a doctor or something, but I am primarily concerned with 17A Cyber Operations Officer.
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What type of underwear do you have to wear to the mini health exam and ship day? I’ve seen people say you have to wear briefs but others say it doesn’t matter. With corona I have to bring multiple sets of clothes so I need to know if I have to bring something specific
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Im currently doing OSUT to become a 11C and am having a hard time dealing with a fractured foot thats holding me back from completing my ruck for the Forge and probably the 12 and 16 mile that are required to graduate. Anybody got any tips on what I can do to get through this and not be recycled?
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How difficult is it to travel back to the US if you're stationed in Italy/Germany?
Edit: Not with COVID travel restrictions, just normally
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Can someone explain to me what the division commander's hip pocket scholarship is? I'm interested in that, but I'm confused on the benefit portion. Mostly interested in the financial information. Not sure if it's pertinent, but I'm currently an active duty staff sgt.
The application has you fill out a financial statement (cc form 228-r) and it's very invasive about your finances. Things like partner's salary, total monthly debts, whatever I'll fill it out. I'm confused though, in the bottom portion it asks about total monthly income, stipends, loans, salaries, ect.
So I guess the few things I'm not understnding are, don't I "ETS" and not have a salary unless I get a part time job? Do I stay "in" with the division commander's hip pocket scholarship and accrue federal service time? If I stay in, do I keep my current salary and get BAH and things like that? If I have to uproot my family and PCS to my college with no salary and living off of a $420 stipend, I don't think my wife and me could afford it which would definitely hamper my commissioning process.
Appreciate any info anyone has on this process, or even if someone has a POC I can contact who has been through this process.
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O1-E Question:
If I have 4+ years enlisted in the guard and then commission, do I qualify for O1-E pay?
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So I had a call with my recruiter today and he said I won't be able to get a waiver for nystagmus. I was born with it and I guess there's nothing I can do about it. Was just wondering if its normal for something like nystagmus to be disqualified and not able to waive. I am also talking to the airforce as well so who knows maybe they will waive it.
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I have a question for anyone who just finished 88M AIT. If you were an MOS-T or if you had an MOS-T in your class, how was the MOS-T process. Did MOS-T soldiers live in the same barracks as the new soldiers or are there MOS-T barracks you stay in and just show up in the morning for PT and at the hit times at the class locations?
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I am a Canadian citizen, never been to the US, reasonably fit in both mind and body, and am willing to do pretty much anything to become one owing to the sorry state of our own armed forces. The question is, how many hoops (bullshit) would I have to go through in order to have a shot at making it (Immigration, Security clearance requiring naturalization, etc) as an Army Ranger?
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Anyone know the NSN for extended peq15 pressure switches for 240s? No idea what key words to search for that.
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How do I know if army is offering re-enlistment bonuses for my MOS?
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Continuation Pay for those over 8 yrs of service.
https://militarypay.defense.gov/Portals/3/Documents/BlendedRetirementDocuments/Continuation%20Pay%20Rates%202020.pdf
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Looking for extra life insurance while in the military?
https://www.aafmaa.com/life-insurance?campaignid=201489191&adgroupid=42397443724&creative=321064913006&matchtype=b&network=g&device=c&keyword=vgli&gclid=Cj0KCQjwqrb7BRDlARIsACwGad4fqTytEaZMgytWsvPcyIENcHUY0H3ef1w8AFaHT4qr_I4mPBrcMlIaArU1EALw_wcB
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I saw it in another thread and didn't want to hijack it.
Do medical slots fill up fast? Like 68C?
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Super new to researching entering into the military. Someone I know in a different branch told me that when you join Army, no matter your MOS (even if you get 92Y or 68X) you will indefinitely ship to fight. Is this accurate?
Also how often can you change your MOS?
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How's Benning at the moment? I hear it's a bit crowded. I was wondering what that leaves in store for prior service coming there for OSUT
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I'm 28 almost 29 years old, have my bachelor's degree, but I'm not in-shape. I'm currently looking at enlisting as an E-4 and hoping to later go to OCS and commission as an officer. What would be a realistic timeline (my recruiter says I could basically arrive at the unit and request ocs right away...sounds fishy to me) and which MOS would be good for this (if any are better than others)?
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My recruiter is telling me to lie about multiple things and I am uncomfortable doing so. I am 27 years old. I was on anti-depressants about 6-7 years ago for a short period, but stopped taking them quickly after starting. I DID have a prescription though and he's saying to just say I didn't. I am not depressed and have not had any issues since, but I don't want to lie and screw myself later on.  
I did convince him to include a waiver for a misdemeanor charge from about 5 years ago. It irritated me that he even suggested just ignoring it.  
I'm also getting a waiver for a surgery I had about 14 years ago (foot injury called "jones break", simple surgery)  
Then there's just weird shit he's saying to lie about, like saying my wife's step-dad is her real dad. Saying I never had a passport, even though I did and just no longer physically have it.  
Everyone in this recruiting office seems to say the same things he does.  
I want this badly. I want to serve my country. The thought of doing it by beginning with a lie makes me feel ashamed of myself. I have not yet been to MEPS. Only done some paperwork and taken a pre-ASVAB test (scored 75). Should I just contact a different recruiter and explain my situation? I don't want to just screw over my current recruiter, but I really don't want to fuck myself down the road for stupid lies.
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Just a few questions if anyone is willing to help out. I’m currently serving in Active Duty right now. Just hit my two year mark. Hitting my ETS date in 18 months. I’m probably going to separate from the Army once I hit my time but I was also thinking about switching to the National Guard. My questions are: For anyone who has done switched, how different was it from Active Duty? Another question is: Is it possible to be a part of a State’s Unit without actually having lived there? Basically, I’m originally from California, but I’d want to move to Arizona, so is there a way I can be a part of the AZ National Guard, or would I have to be a part of the CA NG? I understand that I would need to be a current resident for the particular state to be a part of its NG, but what if it’s a switch from Active Duty?
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Hi everyone,
So currently I’m in Korea and my DEROS is end of Jan. My Report date, Early March. I have an authorized early report date of 60 days.
I was just wondering if I could take my leave before my DEROS since I have an early report date of 60 days.
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A enlisted person can get LRP and the Enlisted Bonus? Or you are only able to get one of this "benefits"?. Also, I scored 72 on the asvab. i have not signed anything yet
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what does the select reserve gi bill really cover? I know that it lasts for 36 months and I will receive a monthly stipend but what else is included?
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Can a soldier request to receive BAS if they have a specialized diet, but that is not prescribed for religious observance or alternative lifestyles (vegan/vegetarian)?
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Doing a comparison of AirForce VS Army.
Sorry for sounding so naive, but quite frankly I'm someone that knows jk st about the military (I have an idea about it, but that's as far as it goes). I'm intent on enlisting, and still weighing the pros and cons between these two branches.. I feel interested in both, but can't make up my mind. I dont wanna be stuck at a desk all the time, but I don't need to be in the field all the time either... I do plan on becoming an officer once I get my bachelor's but I heard it gets pretty competitive in the AF when compared to the Army... what input do you guys have for a guy like myself? Any perspective and experience is much appreciated
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Are u guys still wearing berets? Are u able to get one at BX?
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What is the best MOS in the 68 series where I would have time to take night classes (i.e. classes with labs)?
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Tl;DR: Do you need to go active to get good training or is OSUT enough?
Hello, I have a few questions about joining the army infantry to determine if it's even a worthwhile pursuit in this day and age.
Is Infantry OSUT even useful training? Or do you only get the useful stuff at your unit? Could you be somewhat competent with just this and possibly being trained by a combat veteran?
Does your active unit even teach you good training nowadays, or would I be spending my entire 2-3 year enlistment as basically a glorified janitogroundskeeper now that it's peacetime?
If the active route doesn't hold much value anymore, would I basically be getting the same value in terms of training and skills to just join the guard or reserves?
Thanks for anyone taking the time to read this and respond.
I'm a prior service Air Force vet and a former amateur MMA fighter. After learning to fight with unarmed for 2 plus years, I've come to realize my complete lack of skills in regards to weapons and modern combat (and TBH, I also kind of miss the military life). With the way the world is going, I think these skills are becoming increasingly important. I don't expect or want to become some kind of door-kicking badass operator, but I would like to have gun skills and be able to be somewhat competent in a firefight.
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for anyone experiencing bipola depression/ mood disorders, what was your experience in the army? basic training and beyond?
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Hey, so I'm 20yo and thinking about joining soon. My only concern is that I want to take care of my own health and don't want the government dictating what I should be doing for my own health.
I did some research and found there is a religious exemption form from vaccines and such.
Would that exempt me from all vaccines?
I'd appreciate it if someone would share more info if they have it, thank you!
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submitted by Army_Bot to ArmyWQT [link] [comments]


2020.09.27 19:20 nykotar Target Formatting Rules

Target posting is allowed in this sub, as long as it follows the proper formatting. This guide will teach you how to format your post properly. Please read carefully and do not skip any part, everything here is important and easy to follow. Incorrectly formatted posts will be removed.
Before we start, here are a few important notes:
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Post Flair

The first thing to do is to define the type of your target. This is very important as it helps the viewers know, in a sense, what to expect from the target and how far they need to go with their session. In our sub we separate targets into two categories: real targets and practice targets.

Title

The post title must follow the format "FLAIR Target: TRN". The TRN (Target Reference Number) can be in any format you like. Examples: Practice Target: 2345-1678, Real Target: ABC123.

Frontloading

For some, frontloading is an unfair and unwelcome burden, for others, it is a time-saver. It is NOT required to provide frontloading but if provided then it must be under the spoiler tag - if you do not know how to use spoilers then please search/ask around before posting. And please, follow the THE TEN COMMANDMENTS OF FRONTLOADING as written by Lyn Buchanan, a very experienced and skilled former military remote viewer. If frontloading is provied, it is necessary to mark the post as spoiler.

Feedback (target reveal)

Feedback is not given immediately, instead the tasker should define a reasonable reveal date and reveal the target when the day comes (we recommend more than 24 hours, no more than 5-7 days). This is to make sure that all data received is legitimate and not manufactured.
Taskers should provide feedback by editing their post and including the necessary information using the spoiler tag. As per rule 2, feedback is not optional. Posting a target and failing to provide feedback or revealing the target WILL result in an incremental temporary ban with a minimum of 7 days. Further refusals to provide feedback may lead to a permanent ban.
The quality of the feedback is also important. Always provide as much data as possible - image, video, text, links, whatever is relevant. As an example, instead of just writing "the target was the bee hive in my garden" for your practice target, include a picture of the hive too.

The Target

If you are reading this guide you probably already have a target in mind. But before posting you should ask yourself if your target is worth viewing. Remote Viewing costs time and effort, nobody wants to waste time viewing uninteresting or meaningless targets. Consider this: what is more interesting, to remote view a pile of clothes or Amelia Earhart in her first flight? Not only the first flight would be more interesting, but would also produce better results and would be a much more useful practice target.
Furthermore, mind the viewers emotions. If your target contain or may contain NSFW elements, such as a violent crime for example, you must mark your post as NSFW. This will warn viewers that they might not want to view the target.

A complete example

Here is an example of how your post should look like before the feedback. Note that the type of the target is in the title and the target id is displayed both in the title and in the body of the post. The reveal date is at the bottom and in the yeamonth/day format, please keep this format to avoid any confusion. And finally, since frontloading was provided, the post was marked as spoiler.
Here is an example of how your post should look like after the feedback. Note that the post has been edited to include the feedback in its body, not in the comments. The feedback is under the spoiler tag and at the bottom of the post. Also note that this target is different than the one from the first example, this time the target is a real target and there is no frontloading, so the post was not marked as spoiler. The format of the post does not change whether it is a real or practice target.

Target posted, now what?

Now you just have to wait. It may take a while to get any replies, and when you do, it is important to maintain silence. Do not give any information, tips or indication as to whether or not the viewer has hit the target. If any information is given, it may compromise subsequent replies by biasing the viewers. It is ok to ask the viewer to elaborate on their findings, but preferably do so in a neutral way.
What if my practice target doesn't get a reply by the reveal date?
Since practice targets can be found and used by future practitioners of the sub, you still have to provide feedback.
What if my real target doesn't get a reply by the reveal date?
There is no need to provide feedback. This way the same target can be posted again at a later date, just remember to remove the post.
-------------------------------------------------------
If you have any questions don't hesitate to ask. Click here to send a message to the mod team.
submitted by nykotar to remoteviewing [link] [comments]


2020.09.27 05:44 startaquizbowlteam Quizbowl Studying Resources and Guides: A Comprehensive Set of Links

Since this is a fairly common question on this subreddit, here's a compendium of resources and guides. Note that, unless otherwise indicated, all of these resources are free for players and coaches.

Specific Resources for Studying Quizbowl

The Quizbowl Packet Archive. Tens of thousands of free questions from past quizbowl tournaments, arranged by general level (Middle School, High School, and Collegiate) and then by tournament. The difficulty for each tournament varies considerably, so look for a number on the name of each set that indicates its general difficulty (1 = easiest, 5 = hardest).
The QuizDB. A search engine for quizbowl questions where players can filter results by question category, difficulty, tournament, and a few other settings. Most questions on QuizDB are also available via the Packet Archive too, but QuizDB is far easier to use when searching for specific topics and categories.
SCOP Study Sheets. A collection of useful facts and buzzwords about some of the most common quizbowl topics by the folks behind the excellent SCOP novice question sets. Great place to start to learn the basics for a variety of topics for newer players.
NAQT's "You Gotta Know" guides. A free monthly themed set of usually around 10 specific people/places/things with a paragraph-long description of quizbowl-relevant clues and information for each. There are *many* of these out there and the level of detail and relative difficulty of each can vary greatly. In general, the older ones are a bit less detailed and the more recent ones are a bit more detailed.
Protobowl. An automatic question reader that allows for multiple people to buzz-in and compete against each other online as the computer "reads" the question to you word-by-word. Has a relatively limited database of questions, though you can pick specific categories and difficulty levels. Unfortunately, there are anonymous trolls in many of the public rooms who will do their best to ruin the experience for others. Use caution and avoid the public rooms unless you are prepared for trolling. Setting up your own room for yourself and your teammates is simple (just add a /anyname to the protobowl.com address, e.g. protobowl.com/reddit) and you can easily play without distractions.
Quizbug. An automatic question reader similar to Protobowl but with more functionality and access to updated questions from QuizDB. Less social than Protobowl, but also no trolls.
The Qwiz Quizbowl Camps have a fairly large collection of moderately-detailed study guides for an array of quizbowl topics. These are like a more focused, HS-level version of NAQT's "You Gotta Know" guides.
NAQT's quizbowl podcasts. If you want to listen to NAQT-style quizbowl questions at tournament speed, NAQT has recordings from its national championship tournaments dating back to 2005 freely available (obtaining copies of the questions themselves though requires purchasing them from NAQT for a $ fee). There's also a NAQT YouTube channel with some filmed matches.
The Culture Index. An eccentric but detailed selection of various names and facts that could be useful for quizbowl. Probably more useful for college quizbowl than the HS level.

Guides to Studying and Preparing for Quizbowl

From the Northern California Quizbowl Alliance comes Niki Peters' excellent "Guide I Wish I Had" that covers a whole range of quizbowl topics from picking a category to learn to practicing and in-game strategy. Also includes a useful lexicon defining many common quizbowl terms.
NAQT has a fairly extensive guide to improving as a quizbowl player, with some references to proprietary ($) NAQT study aids like its frequency lists and Power-Up guides. Some useful ideas about reference materials as well as links to other NAQT guides for building up teams.
Greater Pennsylvania Quiz Bowl's Ryan Bilger has a detailed post on how to study and improve for quizbowl players.
The Missouri Quizbowl Alliance's Charlie Dees has a good set of tips on studying and preparing for quizbowl.
PACE's Colin McNamara (also of Idaho Quizbowl) has a nice guide for coaches looking to improve their teams.
Greater Pennsylvania Quiz Bowl has a coaching guide as well as a "coaching efficiently" guide for busy teachers.
A really good post on how to become a great science player that gets into the mental aspect of trying to tailor your studying techniques so that you'll be rewarded when playing quizbowl.
The QBWiki has some pages related to studying methods for quizbowl, but they're not always fully fleshed-out and, like much of the QBWiki, often have baffling in-jokes that have been lost to time.
The HSQB Forums have a "Theory" section that sometimes has discussions of improving at quizbowl (search for things like "studying" "improving" and see what you can find).
Finally, you should always feel free to ask other quizbowlers how they improved--most of the time, quizbowlers love to talk about learning things for quizbowl and may have specific sources, practice/study techniques, or ideas for you. Don't hesitate to reach out to people on your team or other teams to ask!
submitted by startaquizbowlteam to Quizbowl [link] [comments]


2020.09.26 19:41 ZappaOMatic [OC] On this day 100 years ago, the first game involving an APFA/NFL team took place as the Rock Island Independents defeated the non-league St. Paul Ideals 48–0.

Last Thursday was the 100-year anniversary of the meeting between the representatives of ten teams that would ultimately form the National Football League. My write-up on that historic meeting turned out to be a massive hit, and I'm back with yet another centennial anniversary post. This time, we go from the car showroom to the football field.
100 years ago on September 26, 1920, a team took to the gridiron as a member of the NFL—then known as the American Professional Football Association—for the first time. While it was not a "true" league game as their opponent was not part of the APFA, it marked the start of something big.

The Rock Island Independents

Take a wild guess as to how the Rock Island Independents got their name.
For the first two decades of its existence, the Illinois-based team took on opponents regardless of league affiliation. Walter Flanigan joined the Independents as a player in 1912 before taking over as manager three years later. As the team racked up wins, Flanigan wanted to take his club to a higher level, and he gained that opportunity in 1917 when he challenged the Minneapolis Marines, the self-proclaimed "North West Pro Champs", to a game on Rock Island's home turf. A team record 6,425 fans turned out for the game, though they would fall to the Marines 7–3 (a rematch resulted in a more lopsided defeat of 33–14).[1]
After being shipped off to serve in World War I, Flanigan returned to the football world by cobbling together a slate of local games (all of which were shutout wins for the Independents). In 1919, he set his eyes on the national championship.[1]
As discussed in the last post, there was no "true" national champion as there was no national sanctioning body at the time. A team could win every game in their regional league and declare themselves the national champs without much objection, and that was what many teams did. Since the Independents were, well, independent, Flanigan had another idea to pursue the national title: take on league teams.
To do this, he recruited Minneapolis star quarterback Rube Ursella to his side, and a variety of Marines including local fullback Jerry Mansfield also joined the Independents. However, Flanigan's recruiting may have been too successful as a laundry list of interested players showed up; to weed out the scrubs, he organized a series of foot races and wrestling matches in which the losers were kicked off the team. Once he had a suitable roster, he got to work.[1]
The 1919 Independents would face a challenging slate against the top teams from Ohio and Indiana, including future NFL franchises Columbus Panhandles and Akron Indians. With the exception of a 12–7 defeat at the hands of the Hammond All-Stars, a team that featured an end by the name of George Halas, and a scoreless tie against a decorated Pine Village team, Rock Island would shut out every opponent.[1]

The Bulldog "Beef"

At season's end, the Independents boasted a 9–1–1 record, but Flanigan had one last game on his mind: a date with the undefeated Canton Bulldogs for the national championship on December 7.[1]
Well, Canton star Jim Thorpe said his team had other plans. Like, that was basically what his answer was.
On November 30, Ralph Hay, leader of the Bulldogs, sent a telegram to Flanigan asking what the Independents would offer in exchange for playing the game. A Rock Island fan had attended Canton's win over Hammond the previous week and was promised by the Bulldogs manager that he would consider a game against the Bulldogs as long as the Massillon Tigers beat the Cleveland Tigers (since Massillon had lost to Canton twice earlier in the season).[2]
Massillon won and Hay kept his promise by reaching out to Flanigan, who offered him $5,000 or 45% of the ticket sales. Both numbers had been demanded by Thorpe earlier in the year.[2]
The following evening, Hay called Flanigan and asked for the score of the Rock Island game against Akron. He provided the answer (a 17–0 Independents win), but expressed confusion as to why that was so important for Hay. Hay then told Flanigan to talk to Thorpe before he could agree whether or not to play the game.[2]
An hour and 17 minutes later, Flanigan received a telegram from Thorpe: "Have disbanded team. Cannot meet Rock Island."[2]
Kind of a lame excuse, but it's likely Thorpe also turned it down as the Rock Island/Akron game had only attracted 1,700 fans.[1] Flanigan attempted to reach out to Canton once again with by bumping the offer to $7,000 guaranteed or 50% of the gate.[3] Calls to Hay went unanswered, while one telegram to Thorpe read:[2]
We are offering your team the largest guarantee that it has ever received before, $5,000 or a privilege of 50 per cent for the gate. If you don't accept Rock Island fans will say you are quitters. Wire me your answer."
Thorpe's answer? No. One final call to Thorpe redirected Flanigan to an operator who told him that the Bulldogs player was sick and could not answer.[2]
True to Flanigan's threat, Independents fans and media were quick to brand the Bulldogs as cowards. The Rock Island Argus, a very [2]
Is Canton's famed Bulldogs afraid to risk their title of world's football champions by coming to Rock Island Sunday?
By arranging things in order and arriving at a logical conclusion, there can be but one answer. And that is "yes."
A fan letter to the Argus sports editor:[4]
Dear Sir: Being a real football fan I am like a great many more, disappointed because the Canton Bulldogs have a bad case of yellow. Now I think it would be a nice thing for everyone that has tickets to keep them and give the money which has been paid for admissions to the game, to the team for the splendid showing which they have made.
If anyone does not like the idea let them go and cash up. It seems to me that there would be a very few who would ask for their money back. It would also encourage the boys to come back next fall.
From P. G. M.
A Real Fan
Flanigan wrote to The Daily Times in Davenport:[3]
The Canton game is all off. I offered Hays $7,000 in an attempt to land the game but failed. They did not believe that we defeated Akron until they confirmed, report from Indians direct. It is merely a case of cold, cold feet and a streak of yellow.
Since the Bulldogs weren't going to play the Independents, they automatically declared themselves the national champions.[1] However, the Bulldogs also considered themselves the champs due to their undefeated record.[3]
Yeah, pro football is going to need somebody to settle controversies like this. Maybe a national football league?

Joining the APFA

Although his opinion of the Canton Bulldogs may have soured after their failed championship game, Flanigan was eager to work with Thorpe again.
On September 16, 1920, he boarded a train for Canton, Ohio to participate in a meeting of the top pro football team managers and owners.
"Manager Walter Flanigan left last night for Canton, Ohio, to attend the annual conference of major professional football teams, whose representatives assemble every year to plan the campaign for the world's championship," wrote The Rock Island Argus.[5]
The meeting took place at Hay's car dealership, but the details of that can be found in the last post. Flanigan would be appointed to a three-man committee to write the new league's constitution, joined by Carl Storck of the Dayton Triangles and Stanley Cofall of the Cleveland Tigers.[6]
Upon adjournment, the American Professional Football Association was born. We now have a national football league.

St. Paul Ideals

While the Marines dominated the Minnesota football scene, the St. Paul Ideal Athletic Club was not exactly a juggernaut by comparison, but they were no slouch either. An amateur team, the Ideals entered the 1919 season with the claim that they had lost only thrice since 1914.
In the amateur football section of The Minneapolis Morning Tribune's September 11 issue:[7]
A challenge to Minneapolis fotoball teams has been issued by the Ideals of St. Paul. The Ideals are disirous of booking games with a number of Minneapolis teams, especially the Indians and the East Ends. The St. Paul aggregation claims a record of having been defeated only three times in the last five years. Games already have been arranged with the Billows, Seatons, Hook 'Em Cows and Nicolius. All communications should be addressed to C. R. Woesner, 325 Daly street, St. Paul.
The Marines took up the Ideals' challenge. And promptly walloped them 36–0. Three weeks later, the Ideals tied the Minneapolis Eagles in a scoreless game.[8]
How did they do the rest of the year? I honestly do not know. Media coverage of the Ideals was virtually nonexistent, or at least incredibly difficult to find online. The Pro Football Archives schedule only lists those two games plus two others with no scores, while searches on Newspapers.com and other sites have been mostly fruitless.
Eh, whatever.

Game Day

Build-Up

Rock Island's Douglas Park played host to the Independents' 1920 season opener against the Ideals. Although Rock Island was considered the favorite and was returning its entire starting lineup from the previous year, Flanigan and Ursella were not going to let their guard down.[9]
"A defeat at this time would injure the box office to a big extent besides putting a huge crimp in the chances for a championship team," wrote Frank Weir of The Daily Times.[9]
In the week leading up to kickoff, Ursella ran his team through three-hour practices that included installing new offensive formations and audibles.[10]
The Davenport Democrat and Leader on September 24:[11]
Fearing over-confidence might play a prominent part in Sunday's battle with the St. Paul's Ideals, Coach Ursella last night wired for Chicken, star halfback, and Bob Marshall to report for work at once. Both men will be on hand for tonight's drill at Douglas park. [...]
From all indications Sunday's argument is going to be a heated one. Flanigan at first figured that the St. Paul aggregation would offer only enough resistance to afford his team a good workout but according to the dope which is coming from St. Paul the Ideals are a stronger aggregation than early reports indicated.
Fearing a surprise, Flanigan notified Ursella to get Marshall and Chicken in harness at once.
The Davenport Democrat and Leader on the morning of the game:[12]
Hardened by two weeks' gruelling practice, Rock Island's crack professional football eleven is ready today to open what promises to be the most successful grid season in the history of the professional game in the Tri-City. The St. Paul Ideals, a team of reputation, will offer the opposition and in spite of the fact that this afternoon's contest will be the initial performance for both elevens a bitter struggle is looked for. The game will be played at Douglas park and will be started promptly at 3 o'clock.
The Islanders will enter the fray in he pink of condition, to use the old ring adage. For two weeks Coach Ursella had drilled his team in signals and formations, sprinkling in a few spirited scrimmages between the regulars and second string men. The result is that the Independents will start the season in form that would become an eleven in mis-season condition.
[...]
Saturday the entire city of Rock Island talked football and no doubt football will be talked by the natives of Rock Island for breakfast, dinner and supper today. The city is football crazy.
Today's crowd, no doubt, will be swelled by hundreds of Davenporters whose interest in the Independents is just as keen as the interest of the Rock Island fans. Moline also will undoubtedly send a huge delegation to the game.
Fear Over Confidence
While Coach Ursella is confident that his team is far superior to the St. Paul aggregation, he expressed fear of over-confidence in speaking of the opening clash Saturday.
"The Ideals have played good football for the past three years" stated Ursella, "and I don't believe some of the men are taking the contest seriously enough. I don't want a surprise sprung in this game. I believe I can make the fellows realize they are meeting a tough aggregation, however, before they start in the game."
Bruce Copeland of The Rock Island Argus:[13]
There, football fans, is the first recipe of the season waiting for the expert cuisine of the Douglas park melting pot from which Rock Island hopes will trickle the championship brew at the close of the most eventful football campaign in tri-city history.
Championship dreams of months' duration will first be realized when hundreds of pent-up football enthusiasts from miles around meet tomorrow afternoon at Douglas park and see the green and white jerseyed warriors jog on the field for the first game of the season against the doughty Ideal A. C. of St. Paul.
The game will open a door to a new epoch in tri-city athletics after years of consistent achievements and good sportsmanship. Beyond the portal will be found Championship Way, along which the Independents of 1920 will course; and there isn't a fan in Rock Island who has the slightest doubt that their advance will lead right up to the shrine at the end in which the titular fires are burning.
Tickets were $1.65 plus tax, though attendance was hampered by the weather. After 7,000 fans were expected, only 800 showed up.[13][14]
"As Rube Ursella says, 'Let's go!'"[13]

First Half

As rain fell on Douglas Park, the game began with the Independents winning the coin toss and electing to receive. Left end "Oke" Smith returned the opening kickoff ten yards to his team's 25.[14]
The first offensive play from scrimmage was a nine-yard gain by Mansfield, followed by a 20-yard run by Ursella. A few runs later, halfback Eddie Novak found a hole set up by left tackle Dewey Lyle and scored on a ten-yard run for the first points of the day, capping off a four-minute, 11-play drive.[14]
Although St. Paul's left end Maidl Pavleck returned the ensuing kickoff 20 yards to midfield, his team's opening possession ended after just one play when halfback Cunningham Mikesh lost a fumble that Freeman Fitzgerald recovered. Mansfield broke free and reached the Ideals' 15, and a 12-yard run by Novak set the Independents up at the three. Two plays later, halfback Fred Chicken scored.[14]
The Ideals' next series ended with a three-and-out. After a five-yard run by Mansfield, Ursella completed the first forward pass of the season with a 22-yard throw to Smith to reach St. Paul's 18. By the end of the first quarter, Rock Island was in scoring range at the two-yard line. A play later, Novak punched it in for six.[14]
Down by three scores, St. Paul began to see life when quarterback Parr A. Pahl found E. Dixon O'Brien for a "brilliant forward pass" that went 40 yards. That was ultimately the only good play of the drive as Pahl tried an onside kick (before 1923, the onside kick was legal on scrimmage plays) that Chicken recovered. Both teams exchanged punts shortly after.[14]
Following St. Paul's punt, Chicken's grip on the wet ball slipped, but Mansfield recovered and gained 15 yards before being taken down. A 28-yard run by Chicken placed Rock Island at St. Paul's 38, followed by a 12-yard gain by Paddy Quinn. Three plays later, Mansfield scored again on an 18-yard run.[14]
A 52-yard run by Mikesh put the Ideals in Independents territory, but they could not capitalize as time ran out.[14]

Second Half

After some substitutions, the game resumed with Rock Island kicking off.[14]
A fake punt by Pahl into a lateral to Mikesh on the first play gained three yards. The two attempted a double pass a few plays later, though Mikesh slipped on the mud and fell. As the offense grinded its way into Rock Island's side of the field, yet another double pass placed Mikesh with a lot of open field... until he slipped again.[14]
All offensive progress was ultimately stopped when Pahl was intercepted by Waddy Kuehl, who returned it 82 yards for a pick six.[14]
Mikesh was downed for a 12-yard loss to begin the Ideals' next play from scrimmage, pinning his team at their own eight. Facing immense pressure on the ensuing punt, Pahl dodged the blitz before delivering a quick kick to the St. Paul 32. A 12-yard run by Sid Nichols allowed Rock Island to enter the red zone, where they pounded their way to the end zone yet again on a five-yard run by Mansfield.[14]
The offensive woes continued for the Ideals when Pavleck's pass on a fake punt led to him getting sacked (which was not a term at the time) for 13 yards. Pahl was the next to try a throw, this time succeeding on a 21-yard completion to Pavleck. Mikesh was tackled for an eight-yard loss to end the third quarter.[14]
Down by 42, the Ideals began placing heavy emphasis on feeding Mikesh the ball. St. Paul found themselves in position to score their first points of the game on a drop kick by Pahl from the Rock Island 45, but it was well short and sailed wide left, being caught by Kuehl at his 13.[14]
Nichols let the ball slip through his hands on the next play before Fitzgerald recovered. The Independents' march would see two 22-yard runs, another fumble recover, and an awkward TD score as Kuehl slipped as he crossed the goal line. Nichols missed the extra point.[14]
The final drive of the game saw the Ideals lose a combined 15 yards. Final score: Rock Island 48, St. Paul 0.[14]
The Independents recorded 427 yards on 45 total plays, while the Ideals had just 85 on 52. Rock Island also outgained St. Paul in first downs (17 to five).[14]

Post-Game

Despite the shutout, Weir praised the Ideals, writing in his post-game report that they "displayed a lot more class than this score indicates. The visiting team fought doggedly through the entire four quarters and pulled plays at a surprise nature at intervals that netted long gains. [...]
"The Ideals have a smooth working football team and one that against a less formidable opponent would show some excellent results."[15]
The Davenport Democrat and Leader:[16]
The Independents showed a world of power and lots of spots where sandpaper can be applied profitably. Their offensive was all that could be desired, but the defense was far from perfect. Time and again the visitors would carry the ball to the Rock Island 40-yard line with end runs and line plunges, but that was their high water mark.
None of the Islanders deserve especial citation, all played their part well. Keuhl, Novak and Ursella were extremely clever at eluding the ends, while Novak was always good for four yards thru the line.
Mikesch, St. Paul left halfback, showed a world of speed and pulled off several dazzling end runs thru the entire Islander team. Twice he was stopped on the uncomfortable side of mid-field with only Ursella between him and the two little uprights. Pahl and Pavlick also showed class. Les than 2000 bugs were in attendance.
Copeland:[14]
The score does not indicate the class of the game from the standpoint of interest, for although the Ideals were vastly outplayed in almost every department of the game, they remained a dangerous vector throughout the game that threatened to flaunt the unexpected and thereby cross the Rock Island goal line.
There were several moments during the one-sided contest when breaths were baited from suspense when the Ideals rallied sporadically and cut loose with scoring stuff that was checked only by the most concentrated defense. The Ideals fought gamely to the end through the falling rain that would deter almost any team of such a light weight as the season's initial victims. Outweighed fully 10 pounds to the man, the Ideals made the Independents exert their best, hereby making it one of the best games to witness.
A few days after the game, Flanigan finally got what he wanted the previous year: a game against Jim Thorpe and the Canton Bulldogs, scheduled for November 21.[17]
Well, until everyone on the Independents started getting hurt during the season (including a particularly ugly game in early November against George Halas' Decatur Staleys), leading to its postponement to November 28.[18] The game was ultimately called off as Thorpe felt it was not financially practical, despite Flanigan still being able to provide the $5,000 guarantee.[19]
Flanigan and Rock Island would never play against Thorpe during their time in the NFL. However, in an ironic twist, Thorpe would join the Independents for the 1924 season. The team folded after 1927.[1]

References

[1] THE ROCK ISLAND INDEPENDENTS by Bob Braunwart and Bob Carroll, The Coffin Corner: Vol. 5, No. 3 (1983), Professional Football Researchers Association
[2] CANTON CALLS OFF GAME AFTER LEARNING OF DEFEAT ISLANDERS HANDED OUT TO AKRON TEAM from The Rock Island Argus, December 3, 1919
[3] Sunday's Game Joins Sweet Dreams As $7,000 Is Refused by Bulldogs from The Daily Times, December 5, 1919
[4] "GIVE BOYS JACK INSTEAD REFUND" SAYS LOYAL FAN from The Rock Island Argus, December 6, 1919
[5] ARGUS TO GIVE BOOSTER SHEET TO HELP CAUSE from The Rock Island Argus, September 16, 1920
[6] Associating in Obscurity from the Professional Football Researchers Association
[7] AMATEUR FOOTBALL from The Minneapolis Morning Tribune, September 11, 1919
[8] Parks End Season Sunday Meeting St. Paul Ideals from The Minneapolis Morning Tribune, November 19, 1919
[9] INDEPENDENTS OPEN SEASON WITH IDEAL A. C. TOMORROW: 1919 TEAM NOW GATHERED by Frank Weir, The Daily Times, September 25, 1920
[10] Islander Team Drilling Hard for First Tilt from The Davenport Democrat and Leader, September 22, 1920
[11] IDEALS NO EASY MARKS ON FIELD, R. I. BOSS LEARNS from The Davenport Democrat and Leader, September 24, 1920
[12] TIPPING OF GRID LID TO DRAW RECORD CROWD from The Davenport Democrat and Leader, September 26, 1920
[13] ST. PAUL TEAM NO SETUP FOR OPENING GAME by Bruce Copeland, The Rock Island Argus, September 25, 1920
[14] Speed and Brawn Win for Islanders; Score, 48-0 by Bruce Copeland, The Rock Island Argus, September 26, 1920
[15] INDEPENDENTS, WITH FULL STRENGTH, WIN OVER IDEAL A. C. ON MUDDY FIELD, 48-0 by Frank Weir, The Daily Times, September 27, 1920
[16] Independents Swamp Ideal A.C. 48-0 in First Tilt of the Season from The Davenport Democrat and Leader, September 27, 1920
[17] Rock Island Plays Thorpe's Indians from The Des Moines Evening Tribune, September 29, 1920
[18] Rock Island and Canton to Meet at Douglas Park on Sunday, Nov. 28 from The Davenport Democrat and Leader, November 16, 1920
[19] COLLEGIANS TO MAKE ISLANDERS STEP by Bruce Copeland, The Rock Island Argus, November 22, 1920
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2020.09.25 09:28 PelotonMod [Race Thread] 2020 UCI Road World Championships – Imola Emilia Romagna – Men Elite - individual time trial

Date Route Distance Type Time
Fri 25. Sep Imola > Imola 31.7 km ITT - Bumpy 14:30-16:35 CEST
Main Info Official Website / Roadbook
Official Channels Youtube / Facebook / Instagram / Twitter
Startlists UCI / ProCyclingStats / FirstCycling
Previews Cycling News / Cycling Tips
Live Timing and trackers Tissot, UCI Race Center, UCI Twitter, Cycling News, PCS
TV Eurosport, Broadcasters list
Streams Tiz, Cycling Today, UCI Stream available in countries without TV coverage
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2020.09.25 02:08 christinegrab How Can I, As An Individual, Fight Government Corruption (Legally and Peacefully)

TLDR: Some tips on how to get faster and more effective results in fighting government corruption: pointers on how navigate the bureaucracy, what to expect in response (meaning the games they like to play to evade accountability), and how to overcome/get around the barriers they create.
Four years ago, I caught California's income tax agency, the Franchise Tax Board, running an unlawful embezzlement and racketeering scheme. I have been diligently fighting to end the corruption. Someone asked me for advice on how they could also fight the government, and I figured I'd post the answer here. This advice is probably useful for other types of corruption, too.
The first thing to do is to pick an issue that you think you could have the most impact on. There are a lot of corruption issues that people see and think “Issue Y is really messed up, but X is way worse.” Yes, X may be worse, but if there are already a lot of people working on X, you will have far more impact by working on Y instead.
You will usually have the most impact if you choose a local issue, something within your own city/county/state. Local issues take less people pushing to make effective changes. And, the more you can get in the officials’ faces, the harder it is to blow you off.
The secret to success is to wrest control of the narrative away from the Agency you are fighting. He who controls the narrative wins the war. Since the Agency is corrupt, they are necessarily hiding that corruption via a false narrative that is delivered in a confident and authoritative tone. You have to find the lies and expose them in an equally confident and authoritative tone, putting them on the defensive (example 1 is my Appellant’s Second Response Brief where I call out the FTB lawyer made improper redactions, improper omissions and false statements in the OTA case; example 2 is my CA Superior Court Complaint).
They will try many maneuvers to wrest control of the narrative back, and put you on the defensive (examples: 1 is the letter from the Bar Association saying FTB’s lawyer did nothing wrong in the OTA case; example 2 is the FTB’s Answer where they made a blanket statement denying wrongdoing and citing random laws to try to sound legit; ).
You can’t let them. You have to stick confidently to your narrative of truth (example 1, I filed a CA Supreme Court Accusation in response to Bar’s claims that FTB’s lawyer did nothing wrong. Example 2 is the request that I filed with the judge to throw out their Answer because it was bogus).
As you confront the Agency’s false narratives, send regular updates to everyone up the food chain. I copied the governor, FTB’s board of directors, several other state legislators, the FBI and the CA Auditor’s office on many pieces of correspondence in which I called FTB out on their very strange accounting and their unethical business practices. I included a cover letter explaining exactly why these were suspicious/incriminating, and I made sure the cover letter also filled in any gaps in info that may not have been self-evident. The legislators need things spelled out for them clearly and concisely to understand. FTB continually tried to ignore me altogether, but they couldn’t because the Governor, Controller, and my Assemblyman made them respond to me.
Navigating government bureaucracy is MADDENING, and that is by design. They want you to get frustrated, give up and go away. It will take you a while to figure out exactly how the system works. Ask a lot of people in the assorted government offices involved in the corruption/cover up, because each person will give you slightly different info and you won’t know the full picture without talking to several people/departments/agencies. Everyone will forget a piece of info, or not think its relevant, or whatever. Ask for the legal basis for all of these policies and practices.
Another great place to get information from is the Freedom Of Information Act (FOIA) for national government agencies. Most states have their own version of FOIA, as well. California’s version is called the Public Records Act (PRA). When you make a request under one of these acts, they have to disclose all kinds of information that they normally try to hide. There is usually a person/department at each agency that handles the requests. You will have to find the right person/department and contact them direct. Also pay close attention to what they don’t disclose.
Once you understand how the system works, you can push for the appropriate changes. You have to be tenacious. They have a vested interest in keeping things status quo, and they will try all sorts of narrative-control tactics to get you to shut up and go away. Do not back down. Keep pushing back.
They will try to intimidate you. They will try to imply you are somehow breaking the law by calling out their crimes. They will imply that you will face nasty consequences for speaking out. You’ll likely be harassed, as well.
They will attempt to smear your credibility; painting you as a raving lunatic who doesn’t know what you are talking about. To give you one example, FTB sent a letter that they copied to State Controller Yee in which they claimed I had been assessed fees because I “never responded to notices.” The wording of their letter made me sound like a lazy dirt bag. In my OTA appeal, I documented that I responded to notices 71 times. This attempted smear actually bit FTB in the butt, because I was later able to publicly call them out on their “strange internal vocabulary” that is used to deceive regulators.
Another tactic to control the narrative is to misquote laws, or take laws out of context, or cherry pick words to make it appear that the laws say something different than they actually do. Make sure you get online to a law library and read the text of each law they cite you in full. Regular online browser searches usually don’t pull up the sub-laws underneath the main law, and those sub-laws are often favorable for you. I know anyone can use the online San Diego law library: https://sandiegolawlibrary.org
One of the things I have learned is that the agencies will not volunteer any information, but they will usually not lie to you if you ask them a direct question. They will, however, use deceptive wording to deliberately mislead you. So ask a lot of questions, and re-ask them using slightly different wording. The different nuance in the phrasing may be the difference between what they have to disclose and not. Parse their answers carefully to make sure they actually answered the questions instead of giving you a pile of meaningless fluff. If they refuse to answer a question, then you know you have hit the right question, and will have to go up the food chain to get an answer.
In my case, I found out that I had a right to a copy of all the internal notes and records that FTB had on me. I asked several times about getting my hands on my information, and at first they refused to answer the questions. After a few complaint letters to the governor, board of directors, et all, they finally admitted I could have the internal notes and records. There were many, many smoking guns in those notes. I would have never been able to get so far in my fight without those notes… which is why they tried so hard to hide them from me.
And remember that I did say usually. In my case, I started complaining about FTB’s screwed up policies back in 2016 and 2017. Everyone at the FTB told me that only legislators could change the policies and procedures at the FTB. In late 2017, a tax lobbyist told me that there is something called The Annual Taxpayer’s Bill of Rights Meeting that I could attend to make these policy/procedure change requests directly to the FTB’s Board of Directors. I called out FTB’s lying to hide these meetings in my 2017 and 2018 Requests, and in 2019, they did finally update their website to disclose this right to the public. So I guess the point I am circling back to here is that you need to talk to lots of people to really understand the bureaucracy.
Remember that other government agencies and legislators will participate in the cover-up. They have a vested interest in keeping the system status quo, so they will do whatever they can to protect “the system.” Governors Brown and Newsom, Controller Yee, Department of Finance Directors Michael Cohen and Keely Bosner, assorted leadership at GovOps (that place has a lot of turnover), the Office of Tax Appeals, the CA Bar Association, the CA Attorney General’s office, and many elected officials have been actively covering up the crimes that I have exposed. But I am undaunted. Every time I am rebuffed by a venue, I expose they are also exploitative criminals who need to be ousted when we finally re-org the system. I take each “go away” as a success in finding the corrupt who need to be weeded out.
I hope this is enough for you to get started! At this point, it is clear that the government is trying to exploit the pandemic to shore up complete power, so we all need to jump in and fight. It doesn’t matter if you don’t have much time, every bit helps. It is perfectly fine to pick an area of minor corruption. Minor crime is the base of the wall in which the higher crimes are built upon. Every bit of corruption needs to be eliminated, and it’ll probably be easier to see success in halting the minor crimes… and as you take down the minor criminals, chances are you’ll find connections with them to bigger crimes.
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2020.09.24 14:33 PelotonMod [Race Thread] 2020 UCI Road World Championships – Imola Emilia Romagna – Women Elite - individual time trial

Women Elite - individual time trial

Date Route Distance Type Time
Thu 24. Sep Imola > Imola 31.7 km ITT - Bumpy 14:40-16:35 CEST
Main Info Official Website / Roadbook
Official Channels Youtube / Facebook / Instagram / Twitter
Startlists UCI / Cycling Fever / ProCyclingStats / FirstCycling
Previews Cycling News, Cycling Tips
Live Timing and trackers Tissot, UCI Race Center, UCI Twitter, Cycling News, PCS
TV Eurosport, Broadcasters list
Streams Tiz, Cycling Today, UCI Stream, available in countries without TV coverage
Fantasy Leagues WWT RFL Picks
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2020.09.24 06:13 TheMidnightArchive The Abduction and Murder of Amber Hagerman

A Trip to The Grocery Store
The late winter in Texas is a mild time usually, with steady wind and a biting chill in the air. The season is one of change, the life force of the previous year is fading away to succumb to a newness imbued by the heat of the Spring and Summer. January 12th, 1996 in Arlington, Texas was no different, the sun was shining, the wind was steady, and the temperature hovered around the mid-sixties. On this day Donna Whitson and her two children, nine-year-old Amber and five-year-old Ricky Hagerman were in Arlington visiting Donna’s parents, Glenda and Jimmie Whitson. The family arrived at their destination around 3pm and upon disembarking Donna’s car the kids asked to ride their bikes, the ones that Donna had her parents keep at their home for them. Donna, without a second thought, assented to the request with the limitation that the kids stay within a block of their grandparents’ home. She wanted them to be safe.
Once astride their bicycles and away from nagging adults, Amber disregarded the boundary set upon her and her brother. Amber led Ricky to the local neighborhood play spot, a shuttered Winn-Dixie grocery store and after approximately 15 minutes of riding around the parking lot and loading dock the younger Ricky was ready to turn back home, whether out of fear of being beyond their boundary or being tired is unknown. What is known is that Amber had elected to stay and ride her bike around the parking lot of the store on her own for a while longer, that Ricky went home alone, and that in the intervening time something horrible would happen to Amber that would shape substance and conscious of the her family forever.
On January 12th, Mr. Jim Kevil was sitting on his back porch looking out over his yard and fence, a view that happened to encompass the next-door Winn-Dixie store’s loading dock and the street it was on. Around 3:15 pm Mr. Kevil saw a lone young girl riding a colorful bike around the grocery store loading dock when a dark colored truck quickly pulled into the parking lot. Jim Kevil would later state that the driver of the truck was either white or Hispanic and between the ages of 25-40, this unknown subject grabbed Amber, who let out a scream and began kicking her abductor. The driver then put Amber in his vehicle before he sped off West bound down Abrams Road. Not just a passive witness, Mr. Kevil called 911 to report the incident to the police and to try to aid in the capture of the kidnapper and the return of the little girl. This would be the last time that anyone would see Amber Hagerman alive.
After arriving home alone five-year-old Ricky Hagerman was sent by his family back to the Winn-Dixie to retrieve his sister. Turning his bike around Ricky did as requested, only to return to an empty parking lot. Only a brief eight minutes had elapsed since he had last seen his sister, but it was too late; Amber was gone. Ricky once again arrived alone to the Whitson home prompting Grandfather Jimmie Whitson to race to the store in his car to search for Amber himself. Jimmie would arrive at the store at about the same time as an Arlington police officer, summoned by Jim Kevil’s 911 call did; the only remnant of Amber was her abandoned bicycle.
Law Enforcement, including the local police and the FBI (involved as a result of the pleas of Amber’s distraught family), coupled with a mass of volunteers began a wide net search for the missing girl, but came up empty. Amber had vanished.
Discovery
January 16, 1996 is a day that Amber’s family will never forget. Four days after she had been taken by an unidentified male from that Winn-Dixie parking lot, Amber Hagerman’s body was discovered in the early morning hours by an anonymous man walking his dog near the Forest Hills Apartment Complex in Arlington, Texas. Her body was found face down in a creek approximately 4 miles from her abduction site. Prior to this, apartment maintenance workers had been in that area and seen nothing, suggesting that the remains were either placed there after the workers had left or moved down stream by a torrential rainstorm that had just occurred. Amber’s family was informed shortly after the discovery, shocked they initially refused to believe the news with her father quoted in a New York Times article written at the time as saying, “She’s still alive” to the reporters covering the case and camped outside the Whitson home.
Amber was discovered wearing nothing but a single sock and the medical examiner would later confirm investigators suspicions, there was evidence of sexual assault and physical abuse, the cause of death: lacerations to the neck and throat. Additionally, the medical examiner stated that there was evidence that Amber had been kept alive for at least two days after her abduction before she was murdered, and her body disposed of.
Investigation Still Ongoing
More than 20 years later the investigation is still technically ongoing, to date the Arlington Police Department (APD) has not formally announced that they have any suspects or persons of interest. APD Detective Ben Lopez stated in a recent interview that the APD still receives tips regularly regarding the case and the department thoroughly investigates each one like it could be the piece of the puzzle that finally gives Amber’s family closure and justice.
An explanation of this unsolved murder most likely lies in the fact that Amber’s body was left in running water for an indeterminate amount of time, coupled with the storm that raised the creek level and most likely moved the body from the dump site, forensic evidence would have been all but erased and any physical evidence diluted or washed away. Not helping the investigation is the fact that there is only one witness to the crime: Jim Kevil was the sole person to come forward with information regarding the abduction, despite the fact that Amber was taken in broad daylight on a residential street. To date no one else has come forward with evidence or statements to aid in the apprehension of the unknown subject. Some reports assert that this is a result of the immigrant community in the area and the traditional apprehension of this population in talking to law enforcement thought that remains unsubstantiated speculation.
It is believed that Amber’s abductor and murderer was a stranger to her given that he took her by force and did not attempt to talk her into his vehicle. With this, I agree with the official narrative. Where I differ is on why Amber was taken. Based on the speed at which the abduction occurred it suggests to me that Amber may have been watched for some time before being taken. As stated previously Amber Hagerman was abducted in a window of approximately 8 minutes from when her brother left and then returned to bring her home. The official narrative is that this was an act of extreme opportunity when the perpetrator just happened to be driving by when he saw her alone. This would suggest that there was an event that triggered sporadic actions in the perpetrator, to quote a popular television show there must have been a stressor that induced this action.
Regardless of the why, the fact of the matter is that Amber Hagerman’s killer is still at large. He has gone unpunished for his heinous actions against this innocent little girl and by extension her family. As a result of chance and a fluke of nature no evidence or additional witnesses remain of what happened on that fateful winter day. Amber’s killer is nameless, and her family is left with no closure or answers, only questions and heartache.
Possible Suspects
Richard Lee Franks
Richard Lee Franks was charged on March 16, 2000 with the aggravated kidnapping of Opal Jo Jennings from Saginaw, a town a few miles north of Fort Worth. On March 26, 1999 6-year-old Opal was playing with her 3-year-old cousin in a vacant lot next to her grandparent’s house when Franks pulled up to the lot in his black Mercury Cougar. He then exited his vehicle and approached the kids feigning conversation with them. When Franks was close enough, he plucked Opal off the ground, punched her in the chest and put her in his car. What happened next was not unlike in Amber’s case, a large-scale search was launched for Opal led by her family and the local police department, it would not be for five years that Opal would be found. Her remains were discovered in a wooded area while two individuals were riding their horses along a remote trail. As a result of the state in which the remains were found, there was little physical or forensic evidence. What was clear was that the cause of death was most likely the result of a blow to the head. Franks would later be charged with Opal’s kidnapping but not her murder as there was no evidence to prove beyond the shadow of a doubt that Franks had indeed murdered her. In fact, he claimed that he had driven her to a local store to get a drink and left her there. What lends credence to Franks as a potential suspect is the similarity between Amber and Opal, and the way that they were taken. Both were seemingly impulse driven abductions based on the speed in which they occurred.
This link between Opal and Amber was not solely based on the research of internet sleuths. Mark Simpson, an investigating officer in the Hagerman case in an address to the National Children’s Advocacy Center’s 26 Annual National Symposium on Child Abuse to the fact that Franks had prior criminal history involving children, all young, brown haired girls and that Opal’s kidnaping occurred in the same county as Amber’s. Based on proximity, prior history, and similarity in method at the very least one could expect that APD would investigate Franks as a person of interest however, that has not been the case.
Terapon Adhahn
Born in Bangkok, Thailand. Terapon immigrated to the United States as a child when his mother married a U.S. serviceman and he returned to the United States. As he grew older Terapon would become a Buddhist monk as well as follow in his stepfather’s footsteps and join the U.S. Army. Adhahn has been connected to (either directly as the known perpetrator or suspected) multiple offenses, both resolved or unresolved, against children throughout Washington State including rape, kidnapping, and murder. He has also been questioned in connection the Amber Hagerman case by APD though has not been named as an official suspect.
In 1990 Adhahn was charged with sexual assault against a 16-year-old relative. This charge would result in him being forced to register as a sex offender and enter rehabilitation but as a first offense was not enough for him to be deported.
On May 31, 2000 an 11-year-old unnamed (for reasons of privacy) Spanaway County Girl was abducted on her way to school. She was bound and taken to a secluded training field close to the Fort Lewis Military Base where she was repeatedly assaulted over the course of an hour. After the assaults Adhahn left her bound on a road nearby where she would be discovered walking, still bound with her eyes taped over, by a Tacoma City Police Officer.
In December 2005, Adre’anna Jackson would also be abducted on her way to school, she disappeared from Lakewood in Pierce County, Washington and was never seen again. Over a year later, April 2006, skeletal remains were found in a field near her Tillicum neighborhood. Investigators showed pictures of Adhahn to residents who identified him as a known handyman who frequently worked in the area. He is regarded as a person of interest in this case.
On July 4, 2007 Zina Linnik had been watching a firework display with her siblings on a hilltop near her home when her father, Mikhail Linnik, on his back porch presumably also watching the display, heard his daughter cry out. When he arrived at the spot that Zina was taken all that was left was a single shoe she had been wearing, Mikhail also saw a gray Chevy Astro van speeding away and he was able to partially make out the license plate. Four days alter Terapon Adhahn was arrested for the kidnapping of Zina. However, this speedy apprehension was not enough, on condition of prosecution not seeking the death penalty, Adhahn led investigators to the remains of young Zina Linnik. She had been strangled with a zip tie though Adhahn would claim that her death had been an accident.
Additionally, while living in the Tacoma area, Adhahn was responsible for the care of an unnamed (again for the sake of privacy) 12-year-old girl. Her mother allowed the girl to live with Adhahn since she was unable to provide for her daughter, Adhahn only a “friend of her mother’s boyfriend”. Over the course of the next three years Adhahn would subject the young girl to repeated sexual assault, stopping only when she was able to run away after being assaulted at gun point.
Why Terapon Adhahn? It has been reported that, coupled with his extensive and horrendous history with children, Terapon lived for a time with his aunt in the Fort Worth area around 1996. During the investigation, law enforcement noticed striking similarities in the method of kidnapping, assault, and victims in the Adhahn case and with a few officers having been trained in Texas for the Amber Alert System, were familiar with the Hagerman case. Additionally, he used a similar vehicle in the Fort Lewis incident as was seen in Amber’s abduction. Terapon has been question regarding Amber's abduction and murder though not formally named as a suspect or even a person of interest.
Similar Cases
Heidi Seeman – San Antonio, Texas
On August 4, 1990 11-year-old Heidi Seeman was walking home from a sleep-over at a friend house the previous night. Her unnamed friend walked Heidi a part of the way home, to a midpoint between their houses at the intersection of Stahl road and Willow Run Street. Approaching the intersection Heidi’s friend as well as neighbors in the area reported seeing a red car with dark tinted windows pass by the girls slowly, and the driver watching them intently. Thinking nothing much of it, the girls parted ways and Heidi was never seen again. On August 25th, 1990 her remains were found in Hays County, Texas. No additional details were released regarding her death aside from the fact that a medical examiner ruled her death as a result of homicide.
Erica Botello – San Antonio, Texas
Closer in circumstance to Amber Hagerman, 7-year-old Erica Botello was taken on August 23, 1990 from the playground (or road next to depending on source) near her apartment complex. She was not unsupervised or alone the entire time she was playing. Erica was with her Father however he stepped inside for a brief time. When he went back outside, Erica was gone. Her remains would be found on August 25, 1990 in a storm drain about a mile from her home and abduction site. There is little information regarding Erica’s as she was and is eclipsed by the case of Heidi Seeman, a young white girl just a few years older than Erica, a girl of Hispanic dissent, from a wealthier side of San Antonio to the working class area that the Botello family lived in. Any information found on Erica is usually limited to brief sentences and always in tandem to Heidi.
Legacy and Aftermath
What happened to Amber Hagerman is not a mystery, it is known. She was taken from her family, held and assaulted over the course of two days, killed, and her body was disposed of in a creek not far from her abduction site. Her killer did all of these things without leaving any evidence, and slipped away. What isn't known is who did those things to her? Was it someone she knew? Had that person been watching her? Was this all really the result of chance and opportunity? One can hope that these questions, and more, will be answered one day but with each passing day the possibility that they never will be becomes all the more real.
It has been 24 years since Amber Hagerman was abducted and murdered yet her legacy lives on.
Amber’s abduction and murder was the impetus for the creation for the AMBER Alert System. This is a coordinated effort between law enforcement, radio, television, and cellphone broadcast systems to alert the general public in the region of an abduction to the incident and any information that law enforcement has on the abduction such as their physical description as well as the description of the vehicle they were last seen with. This system has resulted in the safe return of almost 1,000 children in the United States since its inception as a regional program in 1997, then national (and international) in 2000 however it is also under scrutiny for saving so few and being so annoying as an alert results in an alarm blaring through the device that receives it, and for saving so few. Critics question whether it saving just one life is worth it, is saving so few worth it?
I say yes.

Sources
Amber Hagerman
Arlington police mum about whether DNA evidence exist in unsolved Amber Hagerman case
CRIME HUNTER: Sleep interrupted? Think about Amber Hagerman Toronto Sun
[APD "Missing" flyer for Amber Haggerman, 1996] - Side 1 of 1 - The Portal to Texas History
AA28.pdf
Gale In Context: Biography - Document - Body of Kidnapped Texas Girl Is Found
Body of Girl Who Was Dragged Screaming Off Bicycle Is Found - Los Angeles Times
How Were Amber Alerts Created? The Amber Hagerman Cold Case - A&E
Child abuse symposium speaker tells of similar abduction/murder cases with different endings - al.com
Richard Lee Franks
Medical examiner: Remains are those of missing girl - Plainview Herald
Richard Lee Franks Texas Prison Inmates The Texas Tribune
FRANKS v. STATE FindLaw
Family prepares to bury girl who was abducted five years ago - Midland Reporter-Telegram
FBI, Texas Rangers investigating death of 6-year-old girl in Saginaw Fort Worth Star-Telegram
Terapon Adhahn
Adhahn pleads guilty to murder of Tacoma girl, 12 The Seattle Times
Killer of Tacoma child reveals motive in papers The Seattle Times
Terapon Adhahn pleads guilty to rape, murder of Zina Linnik HeraldNet.com
Child abduction-rape investigation widens - seattlepi.com
Heidi Seeman and Erica Botello
August marks 30 years since disappearances of Heidi Seeman, Erica Botello
1990 kidnapping, murder of two San Antonio girls still unsolved
submitted by TheMidnightArchive to UnresolvedMysteries [link] [comments]


2020.09.24 06:08 TheMidnightArchive The Abduction and Murder of Amber Hagerman

The Abduction and Murder of Amber Hagerman
A Trip to The Grocery Store
The late winter in Texas is a mild time usually, with steady wind and a biting chill in the air. The season is one of change, the life force of the previous year is fading away to succumb to a newness imbued by the heat of the Spring and Summer. January 12th, 1996 in Arlington, Texas was no different, the sun was shining, the wind was steady, and the temperature hovered around the mid-sixties. On this day Donna Whitson and her two children, nine-year-old Amber and five-year-old Ricky Hagerman were in Arlington visiting Donna’s parents, Glenda and Jimmie Whitson. The family arrived at their destination around 3pm and upon disembarking Donna’s car the kids asked to ride their bikes, the ones that Donna had her parents keep at their home for them. Donna, without a second thought, assented to the request with the limitation that the kids stay within a block of their grandparents’ home. She wanted them to be safe.
Once astride their bicycles and away from nagging adults, Amber disregarded the boundary set upon her and her brother. Amber led Ricky to the local neighborhood play spot, a shuttered Winn-Dixie grocery store and after approximately 15 minutes of riding around the parking lot and loading dock the younger Ricky was ready to turn back home, whether out of fear of being beyond their boundary or being tired is unknown. What is known is that Amber had elected to stay and ride her bike around the parking lot of the store on her own for a while longer, that Ricky went home alone, and that in the intervening time something horrible would happen to Amber that would shape substance and conscious of the her family forever.
On January 12th, Mr. Jim Kevil was sitting on his back porch looking out over his yard and fence, a view that happened to encompass the next-door Winn-Dixie store’s loading dock and the street it was on. Around 3:15 pm Mr. Kevil saw a lone young girl riding a colorful bike around the grocery store loading dock when a dark colored truck quickly pulled into the parking lot. Jim Kevil would later state that the driver of the truck was either white or Hispanic and between the ages of 25-40, this unknown subject grabbed Amber, who let out a scream and began kicking her abductor. The driver then put Amber in his vehicle before he sped off West bound down Abrams Road. Not just a passive witness, Mr. Kevil called 911 to report the incident to the police and to try to aid in the capture of the kidnapper and the return of the little girl. This would be the last time that anyone would see Amber Hagerman alive.
After arriving home alone five-year-old Ricky Hagerman was sent by his family back to the Winn-Dixie to retrieve his sister. Turning his bike around Ricky did as requested, only to return to an empty parking lot. Only a brief eight minutes had elapsed since he had last seen his sister, but it was too late; Amber was gone. Ricky once again arrived alone to the Whitson home prompting Grandfather Jimmie Whitson to race to the store in his car to search for Amber himself. Jimmie would arrive at the store at about the same time as an Arlington police officer, summoned by Jim Kevil’s 911 call did; the only remnant of Amber was her abandoned bicycle.
Law Enforcement, including the local police and the FBI (involved as a result of the pleas of Amber’s distraught family), coupled with a mass of volunteers began a wide net search for the missing girl, but came up empty. Amber had vanished.
Discovery
January 16, 1996 is a day that Amber’s family will never forget. Four days after she had been taken by an unidentified male from that Winn-Dixie parking lot, Amber Hagerman’s body was discovered in the early morning hours by an anonymous man walking his dog near the Forest Hills Apartment Complex in Arlington, Texas. Her body was found face down in a creek approximately 4 miles from her abduction site. Prior to this, apartment maintenance workers had been in that area and seen nothing, suggesting that the remains were either placed there after the workers had left or moved down stream by a torrential rainstorm that had just occurred. Amber’s family was informed shortly after the discovery, shocked they initially refused to believe the news with her father quoted in a New York Times article written at the time as saying, “She’s still alive” to the reporters covering the case and camped outside the Whitson home.
Amber was discovered wearing nothing but a single sock and the medical examiner would later confirm investigators suspicions, there was evidence of sexual assault and physical abuse, the cause of death: lacerations to the neck and throat. Additionally, the medical examiner stated that there was evidence that Amber had been kept alive for at least two days after her abduction before she was murdered, and her body disposed of.
Investigation Still Ongoing
More than 20 years later the investigation is still technically ongoing, to date the Arlington Police Department (APD) has not formally announced that they have any suspects or persons of interest. APD Detective Ben Lopez stated in a recent interview that the APD still receives tips regularly regarding the case and the department thoroughly investigates each one like it could be the piece of the puzzle that finally gives Amber’s family closure and justice.
An explanation of this unsolved murder most likely lies in the fact that Amber’s body was left in running water for an indeterminate amount of time, coupled with the storm that raised the creek level and most likely moved the body from the dump site, forensic evidence would have been all but erased and any physical evidence diluted or washed away. Not helping the investigation is the fact that there is only one witness to the crime: Jim Kevil was the sole person to come forward with information regarding the abduction, despite the fact that Amber was taken in broad daylight on a residential street. To date no one else has come forward with evidence or statements to aid in the apprehension of the unknown subject. Some reports assert that this is a result of the immigrant community in the area and the traditional apprehension of this population in talking to law enforcement thought that remains unsubstantiated speculation.
It is believed that Amber’s abductor and murderer was a stranger to her given that he took her by force and did not attempt to talk her into his vehicle. With this, I agree with the official narrative. Where I differ is on why Amber was taken. Based on the speed at which the abduction occurred it suggests to me that Amber may have been watched for some time before being taken. As stated previously Amber Hagerman was abducted in a window of approximately 8 minutes from when her brother left and then returned to bring her home. The official narrative is that this was an act of extreme opportunity when the perpetrator just happened to be driving by when he saw her alone. This would suggest that there was an event that triggered sporadic actions in the perpetrator, to quote a popular television show there must have been a stressor that induced this action.
Regardless of the why, the fact of the matter is that Amber Hagerman’s killer is still at large. He has gone unpunished for his heinous actions against this innocent little girl and by extension her family. As a result of chance and a fluke of nature no evidence or additional witnesses remain of what happened on that fateful winter day. Amber’s killer is nameless, and her family is left with no closure or answers, only questions and heartache.
Possible Suspects
Richard Lee Franks
Richard Lee Franks was charged on March 16, 2000 with the aggravated kidnapping of Opal Jo Jennings from Saginaw, a town a few miles north of Fort Worth. On March 26, 1999 6-year-old Opal was playing with her 3-year-old cousin in a vacant lot next to her grandparent’s house when Franks pulled up to the lot in his black Mercury Cougar. He then exited his vehicle and approached the kids feigning conversation with them. When Franks was close enough, he plucked Opal off the ground, punched her in the chest and put her in his car. What happened next was not unlike in Amber’s case, a large-scale search was launched for Opal led by her family and the local police department, it would not be for five years that Opal would be found. Her remains were discovered in a wooded area while two individuals were riding their horses along a remote trail. As a result of the state in which the remains were found, there was little physical or forensic evidence. What was clear was that the cause of death was most likely the result of a blow to the head. Franks would later be charged with Opal’s kidnapping but not her murder as there was no evidence to prove beyond the shadow of a doubt that Franks had indeed murdered her. In fact, he claimed that he had driven her to a local store to get a drink and left her there. What lends credence to Franks as a potential suspect is the similarity between Amber and Opal, and the way that they were taken. Both were seemingly impulse driven abductions based on the speed in which they occurred.
This link between Opal and Amber was not solely based on the research of internet sleuths. Mark Simpson, an investigating officer in the Hagerman case in an address to the National Children’s Advocacy Center’s 26 Annual National Symposium on Child Abuse to the fact that Franks had prior criminal history involving children, all young, brown haired girls and that Opal’s kidnaping occurred in the same county as Amber’s. Based on proximity, prior history, and similarity in method at the very least one could expect that APD would investigate Franks as a person of interest however, that has not been the case.
Terapon Adhahn
Born in Bangkok, Thailand. Terapon immigrated to the United States as a child when his mother married a U.S. serviceman and he returned to the United States. As he grew older Terapon would become a Buddhist monk as well as follow in his stepfather’s footsteps and join the U.S. Army. Adhahn has been connected to (either directly as the known perpetrator or suspected) multiple offenses, both resolved or unresolved, against children throughout Washington State including rape, kidnapping, and murder. He has also been questioned in connection the Amber Hagerman case by APD though has not been named as an official suspect.
In 1990 Adhahn was charged with sexual assault against a 16-year-old relative. This charge would result in him being forced to register as a sex offender and enter rehabilitation but as a first offense was not enough for him to be deported.
On May 31, 2000 an 11-year-old unnamed (for reasons of privacy) Spanaway County Girl was abducted on her way to school. She was bound and taken to a secluded training field close to the Fort Lewis Military Base where she was repeatedly assaulted over the course of an hour. After the assaults Adhahn left her bound on a road nearby where she would be discovered walking, still bound with her eyes taped over, by a Tacoma City Police Officer.
In December 2005, Adre’anna Jackson would also be abducted on her way to school, she disappeared from Lakewood in Pierce County, Washington and was never seen again. Over a year later, April 2006, skeletal remains were found in a field near her Tillicum neighborhood. Investigators showed pictures of Adhahn to residents who identified him as a known handyman who frequently worked in the area. He is regarded as a person of interest in this case.
On July 4, 2007 Zina Linnik had been watching a firework display with her siblings on a hilltop near her home when her father, Mikhail Linnik, on his back porch presumably also watching the display, heard his daughter cry out. When he arrived at the spot that Zina was taken all that was left was a single shoe she had been wearing, Mikhail also saw a gray Chevy Astro van speeding away and he was able to partially make out the license plate. Four days alter Terapon Adhahn was arrested for the kidnapping of Zina. However, this speedy apprehension was not enough, on condition of prosecution not seeking the death penalty, Adhahn led investigators to the remains of young Zina Linnik. She had been strangled with a zip tie though Adhahn would claim that her death had been an accident.
Additionally, while living in the Tacoma area, Adhahn was responsible for the care of an unnamed (again for the sake of privacy) 12-year-old girl. Her mother allowed the girl to live with Adhahn since she was unable to provide for her daughter, Adhahn only a “friend of her mother’s boyfriend”. Over the course of the next three years Adhahn would subject the young girl to repeated sexual assault, stopping only when she was able to run away after being assaulted at gun point.
Why Terapon Adhahn? It has been reported that, coupled with his extensive and horrendous history with children, Terapon lived for a time with his aunt in the Fort Worth area around 1996. During the investigation, law enforcement noticed striking similarities in the method of kidnapping, assault, and victims in the Adhahn case and with a few officers having been trained in Texas for the Amber Alert System, were familiar with the Hagerman case. Additionally, he used a similar vehicle in the Fort Lewis incident as was seen in Amber’s abduction. Terapon has been question regarding Amber's abduction and murder though not formally named as a suspect or even a person of interest.
Similar Cases
Heidi Seeman – San Antonio, Texas
On August 4, 1990 11-year-old Heidi Seeman was walking home from a sleep-over at a friend house the previous night. Her unnamed friend walked Heidi a part of the way home, to a midpoint between their houses at the intersection of Stahl road and Willow Run Street. Approaching the intersection Heidi’s friend as well as neighbors in the area reported seeing a red car with dark tinted windows pass by the girls slowly, and the driver watching them intently. Thinking nothing much of it, the girls parted ways and Heidi was never seen again. On August 25th, 1990 her remains were found in Hays County, Texas. No additional details were released regarding her death aside from the fact that a medical examiner ruled her death as a result of homicide.
Erica Botello – San Antonio, Texas
Closer in circumstance to Amber Hagerman, 7-year-old Erica Botello was taken on August 23, 1990 from the playground (or road next to depending on source) near her apartment complex. She was not unsupervised or alone the entire time she was playing. Erica was with her Father however he stepped inside for a brief time. When he went back outside, Erica was gone. Her remains would be found on August 25, 1990 in a storm drain about a mile from her home and abduction site. There is little information regarding Erica’s as she was and is eclipsed by the case of Heidi Seeman, a young white girl just a few years older than Erica, a girl of Hispanic dissent, from a wealthier side of San Antonio to the working class area that the Botello family lived in. Any information found on Erica is usually limited to brief sentences and always in tandem to Heidi.
Legacy and Aftermath
What happened to Amber Hagerman is not a mystery, it is known. She was taken from her family, held and assaulted over the course of two days, killed, and her body was disposed of in a creek not far from her abduction site. Her killer did all of these things without leaving any evidence, and slipped away. What isn't known is who did those things to her? Was it someone she knew? Had that person been watching her? Was this all really the result of chance and opportunity? One can hope that these questions, and more, will be answered one day but with each passing day the possibility that they never will be becomes all the more real.
It has been 24 years since Amber Hagerman was abducted and murdered yet her legacy lives on.
Amber’s abduction and murder was the impetus for the creation for the AMBER Alert System. This is a coordinated effort between law enforcement, radio, television, and cellphone broadcast systems to alert the general public in the region of an abduction to the incident and any information that law enforcement has on the abduction such as their physical description as well as the description of the vehicle they were last seen with. This system has resulted in the safe return of almost 1,000 children in the United States since its inception as a regional program in 1997, then national (and international) in 2000 however it is also under scrutiny for saving so few and being so annoying as an alert results in an alarm blaring through the device that receives it, and for saving so few. Critics question whether it saving just one life is worth it, is saving so few worth it?
I say yes.

Sources
Amber Hagerman
Arlington police mum about whether DNA evidence exist in unsolved Amber Hagerman case
CRIME HUNTER: Sleep interrupted? Think about Amber Hagerman Toronto Sun
[APD "Missing" flyer for Amber Haggerman, 1996] - Side 1 of 1 - The Portal to Texas History
AA28.pdf
Gale In Context: Biography - Document - Body of Kidnapped Texas Girl Is Found
Body of Girl Who Was Dragged Screaming Off Bicycle Is Found - Los Angeles Times
How Were Amber Alerts Created? The Amber Hagerman Cold Case - A&E
Child abuse symposium speaker tells of similar abduction/murder cases with different endings - al.com
Richard Lee Franks
Medical examiner: Remains are those of missing girl - Plainview Herald
Richard Lee Franks Texas Prison Inmates The Texas Tribune
FRANKS v. STATE FindLaw
Family prepares to bury girl who was abducted five years ago - Midland Reporter-Telegram
FBI, Texas Rangers investigating death of 6-year-old girl in Saginaw Fort Worth Star-Telegram
Terapon Adhahn
Adhahn pleads guilty to murder of Tacoma girl, 12 The Seattle Times
Killer of Tacoma child reveals motive in papers The Seattle Times
Terapon Adhahn pleads guilty to rape, murder of Zina Linnik HeraldNet.com
Child abduction-rape investigation widens - seattlepi.com
Heidi Seeman and Erica Botello
August marks 30 years since disappearances of Heidi Seeman, Erica Botello
1990 kidnapping, murder of two San Antonio girls still unsolved
submitted by TheMidnightArchive to u/TheMidnightArchive [link] [comments]


2020.09.23 18:06 protectedneck Suggestions on Improving Modules

I've run several of the 5e modules WOTC has put out over the past couple of years, and I've played in a few more as a player. Overall I've had a fun time with them and I would say that they've been a good experience. However it's not been without its challenges. There's some serious organizational and structural problems that need to be overcome in order to successfully run a module.
What can be done to fix this, either as a DM or as a request to WOTC? Thankfully there's a few easy steps.
Create a timeline When a module starts mentioning dates, I find that it's extremely helpful to have these organized into a timeline. Timelines allow you to establish the history of the setting. It helps you create a more realistic world because characters and clues can reference a firmly rooted history. It also helps prevent contradictions, in the event that your players start asking questions about history inside the module.
An excellent example of why this is important is in Tomb of Annihilation. The lost city of Omu, if you're just reading the descriptive text of the module, seems like this ancient place that's untouched by civilization for eons. Except not really. It only lost connection to the outside world a hundred years ago. There's a good chance that non-humans living in Chult have a distinct memory of visiting Omu in their lifetime, and humans will definitely have relatives who were aware of it. Maybe it's kind of like a bogeyman in their culture ("don't wander too far in the jungle or you'll disappear like Omu!"). Knowing this gives you a good frame of reference for how to present information to your players. But that information (pretty vital, I think) is only available in a single page half-way through the module and mentioned nowhere else.
Establish motivation The absolute worst feeling when running a module as a DM is to present a quest or event to the players and have them go "why would I want to do this?" Characters AND players have to have a good reason to be risking their lives. Sometimes the temptation of treasure is enough, but when you start getting into world-threatening levels of importance your players might not be so inclined to help.
When you plan out your adventure, think about WHY the characters and players would want to participate. Maybe an NPC that they particularly like is asking for help or is in danger. Maybe something related to their backstory can pop up, spurring them to act. Maybe the party are the only people who recognize how great the danger is, and they are unable to convince anyone else to help them.
In Storm King's Thunder, DMs really benefit from figuring out how to establish good motivations for their players, because the book is ZERO help in this. The party seems to be the only people in the world doing anything about the giant threat that is rampaging about the world. At multiple points, my players actually asked me "does anyone else care that this is happening? We're the only ones fighting the giants!" I ended up relying heavily on emphasizing that my players had been specifically marked by the Allfather to resolve the dispute and that they were essentially acting as his emissaries. Looking back, I wished I had better established that some of the giants were actually good so that I could use them to ask for help from the players.
Foreshadow The modern 5e modules are all broken into chapters. The problem with this is that many modules do not do a good job establishing a bridge between chapters. The DM can sometimes be left struggling to figure out how to get the players to participate in the next chapter because it kind of comes out of nowhere. It can also cause modules to feel disjointed, where the beginning adventures don't have any bearing on the later adventures and NPCs that were previously established get left in the dust, wasting valuable roleplaying and relationship building.
The solution to this is to always read ahead. See if there are any characters, objects, or story elements from future chapters that can be applied earlier in the adventure. Or seeing if characters and stories from earlier chapters can be extended into later chapters. Is there a great, big threat that needs to be tackled at the end of the campaign? Well, you'd better make sure to mention them early and often.
A perfect example of this is found in Tomb of Annihilation. When the players get to Omu they find out that it's inhabited by yuan-ti lead by a dude named Ras Nsi. If you're running the book as-written, they have zero reason to know who this dude is or why he matters (also the way he's written in the book has SUCH wasted potential, but that's not relevant to the topic). So if you're preparing this adventure, you need to make sure to include clues in previous chapters that establish who he is and a bit of his history. Maybe the players find a journal on the corpse of one of his undead lieutenants. Or they speak with an NPC who references the history he has with the area. Also you can include yuan-ti scouting parties as the players get closer to Omu so it's a little bit more natural for the players to stumble on their headquarters.
Pick a path This is something that's come up a good number of times in 5e modules and is sort of their defining characteristic. They include a lot of "you can do 1 of these 3 things". Whether that's what town to visit and what giant fortress to assault in Storm King's Thunder or what villain you want in Waterdeep: Dragon Heist. It's cool that you're being given options but that comes at a real cost. More time spent developing separate options means less time honing and polishing the existing content. It's kind of weird in that it's been presented as allowing DMs more replay value (or streamers more variety).
Here's the deal: pick one path and ignore the rest. Pretend they don't exist. Cross them out if you have to. Your time is best spent focusing on one above the rest. This helps you focus on foreshadowing, as well. Remember all those cool NPCs from Bryn Shander in Chapter 2 of Storm King's Thunder? Well they don't show up anywhere else in the book because the book doesn't know that you're going to pick Bryn Shander.
Just as a note: if you're running Waterdeep: Dragon Heist run the Alexandrian version, where you get to use all four factions. Trust me it's way better in a lot of ways.
Start better Frankly most of the modules in 5e have ATROCIOUS openings. SKT has you gaining 5 levels in about 3 hours in a location that you'll never ever see again. ToA has you TELEPORTED to a new continent by a lady who's basically going to pay you $50 to solve a global soul-destroying crisis. HotDQ has your level 1 players forced to go storm a city under siege by an adult dragon. Out of the Abyss has your players stuck in jail with like 10 other NPCs which is a pain to run.
A good opening to a module does a few things: it establishes that the party is working together for a common goal, it introduces the themes of the module, and it flows into the main adventure. One of the reasons why Lost Mines of Phandelver is so highly-rated is that it does the first and last of those two very well, especially if you're going to go into a Forgotten Realms module like Storm King's Thunder. The themes can be added in later by the DM.
You can always make your own adventures to start with, but presumably if you're running a module it's because you want to have some of the work done for you. In that case, I would recommend looking on DM's Guild. Many modules have alternative openings made by users. For example, Cellar of Death is an incredible alternative opening for Tomb of Annihilation. And Adventurer's League has multiple level 1-4 adventures for every module that's been released. These are tangentially related to the content and can be pretty linear, but at least it's a good jumping off point!
Take notes I have definitely fallen into the trap of "Oh, I don't need to write that down, it's in the book." Only to completely forget where in the book that little piece of info is written down. If I had taken notes, I wouldn't have this problem!
When I read a module, if it's in a PDF or on Roll20, I always have a google doc sheet open with my notes (and references to the page where the info is located in case there's more info there I need). If I'm reading a physical copy, I'll use sticky notes.
The biggest thing that I focus on when taking notes is if I have any questions. If I'm reading the book that has all the answers in it and I have questions, then that means either some information is missing or my players will have similar questions.
Ignore the Sandbox Some modules include sections of wide-open play where the players are allowed to explore around on their own without a specific quest or mission guiding them. In just about all cases these are the weakest parts of these modules and where DMs will need to put most of the work in. The problem is that it's hard to connect a sandbox to a module. The best modules are essentially breadcrumb trails leading from idea to idea. But that sort of goes against the philosophy of sandboxes, which are supposed to be character and exploration driven, potentially without any set goal. It's also jarring to go from wide-open exploration to "on-rails" adventuring.
I would suggest ignoring the sandbox option, if it's given to you. Focus instead on quests that can guide the players to interesting things (lets be honest, some locations and events are more interesting than others). The sandbox is still there if the players want to go off the beaten track a little, but you're able to prepare a more focused adventure if you provide more tangible and concrete events to the players.
An example of a bad sandbox is Storm King's Thunder, where players wander aimlessly around ALL of western Faerun until the DM gets bored and brings in Harshnag and resumes the story. If you flip that to where the players are LOOKING for Harshnag, then now you've got a more guided adventure that actually motivates the players.
A good psuedo-sandbox would be found in Waterdeep: Dragon Heist. The faction missions found in Chapter 2 allow the players to meet interesting people around the city and really get a feel for what the city is like, all at their own pace. It also gives them tools for later, as the connections they make will stick around. But this isn't a true sandbox, since at the end of the day it's just faction missions you can do around town.
A strange exception might be Ghosts of Saltmarsh, which is definitely at its weakest and most derivative when following the example adventures. This is a module that is at its best when it's player driven. The entire appeal, to me, of this book is that it gives DMs tools to allow the players to become sea-faring adventurers doing their own things along the coast. If you DON'T run this adventure as a wide-open setting, it can feel disjointed, as none of the smaller adventures provided link together in any meaningful way and are all variations of "someone important asks you to do a thing."
Be willing to trim This is definitely the hardest for me. You look at the book, you see all the options available to you. You see how much CONTENT there is. Wow! If you ran this whole thing and saw everything, you could have a 2 year campaign on your hands! Wow... That's... two years. Where you're stuck playing this adventure. And you don't know if the players are really going to like it. And all those other cool campaign books are going to come out in the meantime...
You gotta trim the fat. Some content in modules is better than other content. Some sections are just not as good as others. Your time is limited and valuable. It's hard wrangling the players just to meet up every week or two to play a game they LIKE. You shouldn't waste that time with trash mobs and boring quests. You should be willing and able to get rid of the stuff that you don't like and that looks like it's going to be uninteresting. I'm not saying that you should speedrun modules, I'm just saying that you need to be willing to delete some content in order to meet the needs of your group.
Also some adventures just have weak points that don't add anything. I found Omu in Tomb of Annihilation to be a chore and the Fane of the Night Serpent to be wholly uninteresting. If I were to run it again, I would genuinely skip it! I even wrote up a guide on how I'd recommend skipping it.
If you see something that you don't like, don't do it. Cut it or change it. Knowing when to do this comes with experience, but once you've figured out how you like to DM and what your group likes, you'll be better off. And your group, in all likelihood, won't know that you changed a thing. It feels awful when a session doesn't work and your only excuse is "Yeah, I just did what the module says!"
Conclusion I'm positive that I missed a lot of tips and ideas for improving modules. There's a lot that goes into this and sometimes we make changes without even thinking about it. I just hope that these were able to help you when preparing for your games! If you can think of any other suggestions or techniques for betting modules, please feel free to let me know!
submitted by protectedneck to dndnext [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 22:00 Purp1eW0lf OSCP Lab & Exam Review and Tips

So I want this to hopefully be a bit more than the obligatory 'I passed the OSCP' , and offer some advice for those who want to take the exam as well as give my opinions of the course. It's a lengthy post, with advice from beginning to end of an OSCP path.
TL;DR: commit to preparation. Complete every OSCP-related resource and you will pass.
The topics we're going to go through:
  1. OSCP preparation
  2. Purchasing the OSCP
  3. Coursework
  4. Buffer Overflows
  5. Lab Report
  6. Labs themselves
  7. Pre exam prep
  8. Exam itself
  9. Exam reporting
  10. Post exam
Pre -OSCP preparation
Before you pay for the OSCP labs, I would recommend that you take up the following free (or cheap) resources:
Purchasing OSCP
When you're reading to purchase your OSCP course, there are a number of options for what you can pay for. I'm not going to dwell on this for too long but what I will say is this: if you have children, intense work commitments, or an unforgiving significant other - choose the 90 day option. If you don't have children, if your workplace is understanding, and if your SO is forgiving - choose the 60 day option.
OffSec can take up to a fortnight to accept your payment and send you the course details, so please do keep this in mind when it comes to scheduling and timing. I didn't realise there would be such a gap in time, and ended up losing losing a week of time I had set aside for the course.
OSCP Coursework
For the majority of the coursework, I was frustrated. It felt like 800 pages of content that was outdated and time-consuming. Looking back now, though, I see that OffSec weren't trying to teach me answers but were in fact trying to foster a mentality in how to approach tasks. The content isn't all bad either, as there was some techniques and tips that I was genuinely impressed with and used in the exams.
There may be some who say that completing the coursework is not worth the five points you receive towards the final exam. I say those people are either overconfident in their abilities or misunderstand simple math. As there's little we can do for the former, let's examine the latter: the OSCP Exam comes in the form of five machines, with two 25 point machines, two 20 point machines, and one ten point machine. One of those machines is a buffer overflow machine (which is a guaranteed 25 points). When you add up a combination of a handful of these machines, you can start to see how five points can be the difference between a pass and fail. Moreover, let's just say you pass with what you think is 73 points but OffSec deduct four points because of sloppy reporting. That's a fail. Whereas those extra five points you would have received from the coursework would have pushed you into a more comfortable passing mark.
In essence, the coursework is dull and painful for 90%. But the 10% of interesting stuff, plus the five points, makes it undeniably worth it. Please do the coursework. I would recommend banging out the course report as soon and quick as you can. I spent eight days, giving fifteen hours a day just burning through the course so I could get it out of the way. I will assume you're more intelligent than I am and will get through the coursework much faster than I did.
OSCP Coursework: Buffer Overflow
The buffer overflow section in OffSec's course pdf is awful. It was my least favourite part of the whole course, and it kept coming up again and again throughout the 800 pages. They don't explain it well from the beginning and that confusion persists as you go through the BOF sections. It's the only part of the entire course that I was actually frustrated I had paid OffSec this much money.
Fortunately for me (and now for you) I had gathered some resources before starting the labs and had already perfected my BOF skills. I would recommend you first follow Heath Adams' Cyber Mentor BOF guide. He teaches the part-manual, part-automated method, and helps you understand some of the theory. Once you've completed this, then move onto Tib3rius' BOF practice room on Try Hack me. It teaches you the mostly automated method for a BOF, and it is the easiest, quickest way by far. Heath's guide is necessary, as he teaches you a middle-way that makes sure you wouldn't be lost if your automated tools stopped working. OffSec's method is maybe too manual. And I understand that they want to impart the lesson of doing things manually, but for a topic as confusing as BOF it's better to use Tib3rius' automated BOF methods that are allowed in the exam.
OffSec is gonna have you working those bad characters out manually, eyeballing each one in tiny font six. And you're gonna do it, as that's the requirement for passing the coursework. And you're gonna fuck up one of those characters and your exploit won't work, because human error is bound to kick in when you're doing with that many slashes, x's and 0s. All I can say is sigh deeply to yourself and do it OffSec's way for the coursework. Come exam time, Tib3rius' way is the way to go.
OSCP Lab Report
The other requirement to get those five points is to complete ten machines in the OSCP lab, and ensure that you have documented these in a report. I don't have much to say about this either, as it's straightforward and you would be doing yourself a disservice if you didn't create ten writeups of machines you're going to hack anyway to get yourself points towards the exam.
For both the Lab report and Exam I used more of a 'boot to root' style of writeup. I found OffSec's example report to be too confusing to actually follow per machine. It makes sense in a real world engagement to produce a report that looks at things per vulnerablity (not per host). However this isn't the real world, so feel free to use a walkthrough style for your reporting too.
OSCP Labs
The labs are around sixty vulnerable machines split across a handful of networks. You will have immediate access to around forty machines, with the remaining machines hidden in those secret networks. I completed every single machine, as I saw these as 'practice exams'. Therefore my logic was completing every practice exam meant I would be in better stead for the real deal.
I want to address two major criticisms I have about the OSCP labs.
I wanted to critique the Student Admins, who are on Helpdesk for any tech issues you're having as well as to give you pointers on machines. I only had two experiences with student admins, and whilst they were both nice people I think that English was not their first language and as a result their advice (and the conversation in general) was difficult. When someone is trying to give you a cryptic hint to a machine, and their command of English isn't that strong, it's not gonna go well for you. However I am reserving this as an actual thing OffSec should improve as I don't see how they could. They could hire student admins who have demonstrably high-level fluency in English, but maybe they do and I just got unlucky the two times I communicated with them? At any rate, I would gladly sign up to be a Student Admin as I would enjoy advising fellow students on hints and tips throughout their labs.
Pre-Exam
Book your exam date as early as you can, as the slots fill up quickly. I know it's difficult to know what life will be like two or three months time, but it's necessary I'm afraid. You don't want to leave a big gap between finishing the labs and doing your exam.
A fortnight before your exam, email OffSec and ask for a test session for your equipment. As the exam is proctored (someone watches you via webcam and monitors the activity on your host OS' screen) you need to test and make sure all the software works. The last thing you want on exam day is for a tech problem to eat into your time or have your exam cancelled. My host OS was Kubuntu, and I used this camera which said it worked for Linux systems, so I definitely wanted to test my system and make sure it all worked well.
Please keep hardware requirements in mind too. I'd recommend you have at least 16gigs of ram, as you won't just be running your VM but you'll be running the proctoring software too. You'll also want good ram, and a computer that won't overheat, as you'll be running the machine for long periods of time and it will be doing intense work. The last thing you want is for your computer to die mid exam!
Exam
I won't go into detail here, as the OSCP exams are not to be discussed at length.
My approach to the OSCP was a commitment to preparation. I wanted to make sure that no matter what was thrown at me, I had experience in it and wouldn't be faced with a service or configuration that I'd never seen. This paid off, as within four hours I had gained enough points to pass, and after eight hours I asked the proctor terminate my VPN connection.
I would strongly advise you take perfect screenshots and okay-ish notes whilst you're hacking the machines in the exam. This will make the reporting requirement easier.
Keep two copies of the Kali exam image, and use snapshots just in case. The last thing you want is for your VM to break and not restart.
Post-Exam
After you've rooted your exam machines, you need to write your report and submit it to OffSec. Be meticulous here. Don't just screenshot what you did, but also include the commands you ran. I want you to write that report like your significant other, your grandma, your dog is gonna pick up that report and follow each page so they can re-create every step to root. This doesn't mean you're going to write the report like its a 'explain like I'm five'. Rather, you're going to write the report that is replicable and clear.
Once you've written your exam report, you're going to send that and your coursework and lab reports to OffSec. OffSec have a dedicated page for their exam guide, focus on section three. It is entirely possible to root every single machine, complete every single coursework and lab requirement, send off your reports and fail the exam. Why? Because OffSec's rules for exam submission are incredibly punitive, and require you to zip reports, password protect them, upload them, copy links and email them - it's a highly-choreographed dance that OffSec has us do post-exam, and they don't explain it well.
This is an area I am hugely critical of OffSec for. They don't need to fail a person who rooted every machine and completed all course tasks just because they sent 'exam report.pdf'. I understand they have thousands of students, and can't chase them all up to meet administrative requirements. But, OffSec, that IS all you'd be failing someone for: administrative requirements. In real life, I have not found that a client will refuse payment because of a report name, or will reject an entire report because they had trouble unlocking the password-protected file.
This is an area I would also like to OffSec improve on, as they have strict rules but do not explain it well. For example, does the coursework report and ten-machine-lab report get submitted in two separate reports, along with your exam report, or do you condense those two into one course/lab report and send that off with your exam report? I don't really know. I did the latter. It seemed to be okay for me as I passed, but greater clarity from OffSec would be even better.
And after the OSCP Exam?
OffSec state it may take thirty days to get results, but from what I've seen most people get their results within five days. I imagine a weekend submission may take a little bit longer. I did my exam early in the weekday and received my results midday two days later. The certificate does seem to arrive a little bit more erratically, due to COVID 19, as I haven't worked out a pattern of who receives theirs and when. I passed less than a week ago, so I won't see mine for maybe a little bit more.
And that's it, that's everything I have for you. I hope that was informative. It was certainly cathartic to write, and I hope it can offer someone some guidance or reassurance. I'm always available for a chat, whether that's here in the comments, in a DM, or my Twitter .
I'm hungry for more certifications, and I'm hoping OffSec update their OSWP course soon so I can sink my teeth into that. I've got eighteen months left to complete my InfoSec doctorate, and I'm also looking for Junior Pen Tester positions in London, as I want that guidance and mentorship in the professional world.
Take care of yourselves my friends,
Ray
submitted by Purp1eW0lf to oscp [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 15:15 cakeblock941 Freedom Fighters PC re-release - Everything you need to know

https://www.ioi.dk/freedom-fighters/
We’re super excited to announce that Freedom Fighters, our cult-classic from 2003, will be available digitally on PC, starting today! We’ve got all the details about the extras we are packing in, a launch-week discount and more right here!
Start off by watching our Announcement Video:
https://twitter.com/FreedomGame_IOI/status/1308023371150626816?s=19
Back to 2003
It’s been 17 years since Freedom Fighters was originally released. 17 years…
Today, we’re releasing the game digitally on PC for the first time, and it’s exactly as you remember it from 2003; tactical squad-based gameplay, inter-connected missions across New York and a rebel base to call your own. We’re excited to finally make the original 2003 game available digitally and have players re-live their favourite moments from the campaign. If you’re completely new to Freedom Fighters, here’s what you need to know:
Freedom Fighters is an intense third-person action game set in an alternate history New York during the invasion of a foreign superpower. You’ll take on the role of Chris Stone, a hard-working plumber, who must rise through the ranks of the resistance to prove himself as a charismatic leader.
Throughout the campaign, you’ll travel to various locations across the city and complete interconnected missions where your actions in one level affect the battles in another. You’ll liberate supplies, scavenge weapons and use the ‘recruit and command’ system to grow the resistance and lead your squad of up to 12 freedom fighters into strategic conflicts. Command a single soldier or your entire squad to scout ahead, defend an area or follow your lead. Be tactical and take the fight to the invaders. They took your freedom. It’s time to take it back.
Bonus Content
We know that Freedom Fighters is a much-loved franchise by many players who enjoyed it all those years ago. We love it too. That’s why we’ve packed in some nostalgic extras for anyone who buys the game.
– We’ve teamed up with legendary composer Jesper Kyd, to offer the full Official Freedom Fighters soundtrack. You’ll get 16 tracks from the game in both MP3 and FLAC formats. The soundtrack also includes 2 bonus tracks that were never included in the game.
– We also wanted to honour the experience of buying a game in 2003, so we’ve included the original PC manual as a downloadable PDF. Look out for a few blasts from the past, including tips for closing background applications on Windows 98!
Launch Discount
Freedom Fighters is available digitally on PC starting today via GOG, Epic Games Store and Steam – and you’ll get the soundtrack and manual included regardless of where you choose to buy it.
To celebrate the re-release of the game, you’ll be able to re-join the resistance for just $9.99 in the first week. That’s a massive 33% off the regular price. Stay up to date with all the Freedom Fighters news via our brand new Twitter account: @FreedomGame_IOI. That’s our primary place to share news and updates about the game.
submitted by cakeblock941 to HiTMAN [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 06:49 glogloh I took the INBDE and passed!

Timeline:
Study materials:
I sorted Mental Dental's playlist videos from oldest to newest and watched all of the NBDE part II videos. I typed my own notes and took screenshots of all the pictures, but you can also buy his Powerpoint slides on his Patreon. I CANNOT STRESS HOW GREAT HIS VIDEOS ARE! It provided a solid foundation and I saw so many of his high yield facts on the exam.
After watching all of his videos, I went through my outlines with a classmate (how I usually study for past classes). Then I got through 80% of the Kaplan questions and started churning through the Dental Mastery questions (I'd say I finished 70% of them).
I typed all the questions out in simplified format (example) and marked wrong answers in red.
In Dental Mastery, after you answer a question, you can mark it as "don't know", "somewhat know", or "know". I would mark all my wrong ones as "don't know" so I can review them at a later time, and then after reviewing the "don't know", I'd mark them as "somewhat know" to review them more again. I would not mark an answer as "know" unless I absolutely knew the answer.
Dental Mastery also has supplementary questions, and I completed Anatomic Sciences, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, Pharmacology, and Prosthodontics. Out of those supplementary sections, Anatomic Sciences and Pharmacology were the most helpful.
In terms of the exam, studying strictly Part II material and focusing on head and neck anatomy was enough. Mental Dental's pharmacology videos cover all you need to know for pharmacology.
There was nothing on glycolysis, molecular biology, cardiology, respiratory, Part I stuff, etc. There were a lot of patient scenarios, medical conditions (diabetes, hypertension, multiple myeloma, bleeding disorders), syndromes (I got so many on ectodermal dysplasia alone), antibiotic prophylaxis (MEMORIZE THE GUIDELINES AND DOSAGES), and ethics (SO MANY ETHICS QUESTIONS). A lot of questions were formatted as everything EXCEPT so-and-so answer. There were also some SUPER random questions ("What is the main compound of marijuana?", not even joking).
Other tips:
Good luck, happy studying! :)
submitted by glogloh to INBDE [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 04:14 Spectrateknix Postmodern English Writing System

Hello all. Today, I'm going to release something that I've worked at for awhile now. I call it the Postmodern English Writing System. Despite representing the English language as we know it today, this writing system is a major rework of what is currently used in common practice. This idea, although very likely not the first like it, started back years and years ago, when I first started to put to mind how confusing and dated the current method of spelling is. As much as native speakers of English are used to this and may not notice it as much, the process of learning how to pronounce words in English for newcomers to the language can be exceptionally difficult. The reason why this is, well, is because the way spelling works out, even to me as a native speaker, seems to have little to no consistency to it. Letter sequences in one word may make their own specific sound, but the same sequence in another word may make a completely different sound. Silent letters can certainly also add to the confusion. Really, the only way to know how to pronounce a word in English that is unfamiliar is to first hear the word spoken, and then learn how it is spelled. Fed up with these inconsistencies, I set out to rework the alphabet and spelling into what I have here. The result is a familiar alphabet, albeit with some letters removed and others added. Attached, you will find a PDF of the new alphabet, an MP3 file reading off that alphabet, a Windows OS keyboard install that will allow you to type the new alphabet almost anywhere (since existing Unicode characters are used), and an image of the keyboard mapping. My intention of this rework is to make it an open source effort. On that note, feel free to take it, discuss it, and rework it as you see fit. Credit is not required to be given. Thank you.
https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1zWLnlAxd7_BhzP9x4YAoRoGnMmYMX2tM?usp=sharing

(This entire post is repeated below in the new writing system as an example)
Hẽlo ål. Tůda, I'm goīɲ tů rĩles sūmþīɲ ћãt I'v wԅkt ōn fõr ūwiõl nãw. I kål ĩt ћū Postmōdԅn Īɲglĩҁ Ritīɲ Sĩstūm. Dĩspit rẽprezẽntīɲ ћū lāɲgwĩj ãz we no ĩt tůda, ћĩs ritīɲ sĩstūm ĩz a majԅ rewԅk ūv wūէ ĩz kԅẽntle uzd ĩn kōmūn prãktĩs. Ћĩs ideū, ålћo vāre likle nōt ћū fԅst lik ĩt, stårtĩd bãk yerz ānd yerz ūgo, wẽn I fԅst stårtĩd tů pũt tů mind hãw kūnfuzīɲ ānd datĩd ћū kԅẽnt mẽþūd ūv spẽlīɲ ĩz. Ãz mūч ãz natĩv spekԅs ūv Īɲglĩҁ år ust tů ћĩs ānd ma nōt notĩs ĩt ãz mūч, ћū prōsẽs ūv lԅnīɲ hãw tů pronãwns wԅds ĩn Īɲglĩҁ fõr nůkūmԅs tů ћū lāɲgwĩj kān be eksẽpҁūnõle dĩfĩkõlt. Ћū rezĩn wi ћĩs ĩz, wẽl, ĩz bekūz ћū wa spẽlīɲ wԅks ãwէ, evĩn tů me ãz a natĩv spekԅ, sems tů hãv lĩtõl tů no kūnsĩstẽnse tů ĩէ. Lẽtԅ sekwẽnsĩs ĩn wūn wԅd ma mak ћār on spẽsĩfĩk sãwnd, būէ ћū sam sekwẽns ĩn ūnūћԅ wԅd ma mak a kūmpletle dĩfrẽnէ sãwnd. Silẽnt lẽtԅs kān sԅtẽnle ålso ãd tů ћū kūnfuґūn. Rĩle, ћū onle wa tů no hãw tů pronãwns a wԅd ĩn Īɲglĩҁ ћãt ĩz ūnfūmĩlyԅ ĩz tů fԅst her ћū wԅd spokĩn, ānd ћẽn lԅn hãw ĩt ĩz spẽld. Fẽd ūp wĩþ ћez ĩnkūnsĩstẽnses, I sẽt ãwէ tů rewԅk ћū ãlfūbẽէ ānd spẽlīɲ ĩntů wūt I hãv her. Ћū rĩzålt ĩz a fūmĩlyԅ ãlfūbẽէ, ãlbeĩէ wĩþ sūm lẽtԅs rĩmůvd ānd ūћԅs ãdĩd. Ūtãчt, yů wĩl find a PDF ūv ћū nů ãlfūbẽէ, ān MP3 fiõl redīɲ ōf ћãt ãlfūbẽէ, a Wĩndos OS kebõrd ĩnstål ћãt wĩl ūlãw yů tů tip ћū nů ãlfūbẽէ ålmost ẽnewār (sĩns egzĩstīɲ Unekod kārĩktԅs år uzd), ānd ān ĩmĩj ūv ћū kebõrd mãpīɲ. Mi ĩntẽnҁĩn ūv ћĩs rewԅk ĩz tů mak ĩt ān opĩn sõrs ẽfԅt. Ōn ћãէ not, fel fre tů tak ĩէ, dĩskūs ĩէ, ānd rewԅk ĩէ ãz yů se fĩt. Krẽdĩt ĩz nōt rĩkwiԅd tů be gĩvĩn. Þāɲk yů.
submitted by Spectrateknix to conscripts [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 00:20 admissionsmom Take a deep breath -- It's here. Mid-Admissions-Journey Crunch Time!

Happy Fall AdmissionsFam!
As we enter the early fall, the mid-admissions-season stretch here in your admissions journey, I wanted to check in with a few reminders. This is basically a copy of the email I sent my private families yesterday, and since I like to provide the same info for y’all as them, I’m sharing with you because I thought the reminders might be helpful for you as well. First, it’s been awesome getting to know some of you and your amazing stories through your posts here on A2C -- often with some of your innermost thoughts and feelings. I know it can be hard to talk about yourself, but doing so whether it’s here on A2C or in your essays, it’s going to make your applications stronger because the admissions officers can get to know you better.
Warning: these updates and reminders are loooooong… and there’s a lot of information. It’s all stuff I --- and many others -- have discussed before, but it never hurts to have some reminders and checkups.
1. SUBMIT TEST SCORES: If you have test scores you want to submit, be sure to send your test scores from the College Board or ACT site if you haven't already. Check on the schools’ websites to see if you can self-report tests, and if not make sure you submit them (if you are submitting this year). Many schools have deadlines, so you need to make sure you are beating those test submissions deadlines. If you have already applied to schools or will be applying to ED or EA, I'd like you to get those scores sent if they need to be submitted. I suggest making a column on your spreadsheet to indicate whether you need to send scores or you can self-report, and then to check when you’ve submitted. (Yes, I shared my spreadsheets with you -- do NOT start writing on it until you've made a copy and changed your name. You'll blow it for everyone if you do)
2. TEST OPTIONAL OR NOT?: If you have test scores you’d like to consider reporting, then be sure to check the school’s Common Data Set to see where your scores lie in their percentiles. You can “google common data set and college name” or you can find the common data set for every school that uses them as a link on my website, www.collegevizzy.com. If your scores fall in the 50% or above, I suggest you send them. If on the SAT, you have over 700s for both tests (or any subject test), I suggest you send them even if your score isn’t over the 50%. If on the ACT, all your scores are over the 30 mark, I suggest you send them even if your composite isn’t above the 50%. If your score is between 25% and 50%, but is one of the top scores at your school, I suggest you send. I’ll be happy to walk you through this if you like, just make sure to book time to do so. I suggest making a column on your spreadsheet to indicate whether a school is test optional or not, and whether you should send or not based on your research.
3. HIGH SCHOOL COUNSELOR: Check in with your high school counselor and make sure they have everything they need on their end from you. Make an appointment to visit with them if possible.
4. NAVIANCE: If your school uses Naviance, make sure that all the schools you're applying to are on your Naviance list that you are applying to -- not just the "thinking about" list.
5. LETTERS OF RECOMMENDATION: Confirm that your letters of recommendation are ready to go. Check-in with your teachers and make sure they've sent them or send them a gentle reminder if they haven't. Send them a “brag sheet” or “cheat sheet” if you haven’t already. If your school doesn’t have a form for you to fill out, I have a sample. Be sure to write a thank you note. Sharing my resources with you here if you need them.
6. SPAM EMAIL FOLDER: If you've already started applying to colleges -- or even if you haven't, get in the habit of checking your spam folders regularly. Students often miss important messages from colleges in those folders. If you’re comfortable with it as your parents to help out with this. Often, colleges will send info about specific dates and deadlines that aren't published on Common APP. Also, while we are on the subject of emails, be sure to open emails and click on links from the colleges on your list.
7. INTERVIEWS: Be sure to check on the websites about interview deadlines. For some schools, if they offer interviews, you will need to apply by a certain deadline. Rice and Duke are examples. And then, be sure to check spam folders. Also, make sure you have your voicemail set up. Often your interviewer will try to leave a message. I have a chapter in my book about interviews that offers some questions for practice. And, I have tons of sample questions that I can put in a folder for you in your file as we enter interview season. TIP: Make sure you write a thank you note that afternoon or evening and mention something specific the interviewer discussed. My interview resources are here.
8. EMAIL YOUR ADMISSIONS OFFICERS: If you haven't yet reached out to the admissions officer for your area from your school, I suggest you do so -- especially if you have questions that aren’t answered on the website. Don't be afraid of introducing yourself and asking any questions you might have. And just remember, in general, the admissions office for the specific college you’re asking about is usually the best place to start.
9. VIRTUAL TOURS and INFO SESSIONS: Go on a college tour and info session hosted by the college for every college you’re applying to. Be sure to sign up with your college email. If you’re applying to honors programs or other specific programs, be sure to go on those tours and to the info sessions too if they are offered. Consider mentioning something specific from the touinfo session in your supplemental essays.
10. REQUEST INFO: If you haven’t yet, request info from every college you’re applying to -- also request info from honors programs and specific majors. Use your college email.
11. SENIOR YEAR COURSE LIST: Make sure your senior year course list has all the courses you need for the colleges you’re applying to. Most highly selective colleges like to see: 4 years of English, 4 years of Science (including Bio, Chem, and Physics), 4 years of History or Social Science, 4 years of Math (with Calculus), and 4 years of Foreign Language. If you don’t have these, check the recommended course lists for the colleges you’re applying to. TIP: If you need a course, you could possibly do a one semester next spring either at your school or at Community College, but you’ll need to be signed up for it to list it.
12. COMMON APP, COALITION APP, and APPLY TEXAS (and other school specific apps): Start filling out the basic information if you haven’t yet. For Apply Texas, you only need to fill it out once for your first school, then when you’ve completed that application, you copy it to start your second school.
13. ACTIVITIES AND RESUMES: Start filling out the Activities spreadsheet to get your activities in order for putting on applications. (copy and save that spreadsheet with your name if you want to use it)
14. COVID 19 ESSAY: Should you write it or not? Read this info to make the decision. Tulane Blog, Georgia Tech Blog, My Summary of “Statement from over 300 College Deans,” Common App Statement
15. WHY MAJOR, WHY COLLEGE, WHY EC SUPPLEMENTS: For schools that have why college or why major essays, be sure you are doing your research (professors — maybe even reach out to one, programs, classes, clubs, read the school newspaper, etc. Be sure to read my Supplement Info in your Supplement Folder)
16. SOME OF MY IN HOUSE DEADLINE GOALS (these may or may not be helpful to you, but just thought I’d share):
TAMU (Business or Honors): Next week before October 1 (you need to make sure you have a transcript available (unofficial is ok) to do the SRAR.
UT Austin, Georgia, UNC, Georgia Tech: before October 15
SCEA/ED/EA/Priority Deadlines in November: before October 20
UC Schools/USC/CSU/Priority Deadlines of Dec 1: Before Thanksgiving (November 19 goal)
RD Schools: Completed and ready to go by December 15. If you don’t need them because you get in ED, then no need to send, but they need to be ready.
17. CHECKLIST: Here's a link to a checklist about what you should have done/be doing this fall!
18. RECOGNIZE YOUR STRESS, and begin to accept that you can only control what’s in your realm of control: your college list, your essays, the way you present your activities, how you spend your time, and your grades for this semester. So, yes, the college admissions journey is stressful, for sure, but it can actually be this period of amazing self-growth and development — like no other if you allow yourself to recognize that some amount of stress is necessary and good for your development, and if we acknowledge that there might be ways to reframe our understanding of college admissions by changing the words and phrases we use. When you take control of your admissions journey and you incorporate some mindfulness into your lives, you can grow in self-confidence and maturity as you dig in and learn more about yourself than you ever have. Figuring out what you want in a college, developing a list, and writing personal essays all require deep reflection and self-investigation. Taking the reins and handling the details and difficulties of the application process demonstrates your abilities and strengths. And, no matter the outcome, no matter where you end up going to college, no matter how painful some of this journey might be, this transformational experience, filled not only with stress but also with excitement and joy — is turning you into a stronger human, ready to take on college — and life.
You -- yes You -- you got this.
xoxox AdmissionsMom
Tl;DR: Shit's getting real now. It's time to get started and get organized, but it's definitely NOT too late. Many many procrastinators (and I see you out there and have a soft spot for you) put stuff off and do just fine in college admissions, but it does add to the stress level. So, take a deep breath or two, start making checklists and spreadsheets and whatever else you need to do to get moving. I've shared some of my resources with you.
NB -- If you're still struggling with the personal essay or just getting started, here's my latest post and step by step guide -- but for real, you have to do all the steps -- the personal essay magic doesn't happen without them.
If you'd like some supplemental essay guidance, here you go.
And, if you'd like a more thorough timeline to help you get off the ground (and juniors, this is good for you too), here's my timeline post.
submitted by admissionsmom to ApplyingToCollege [link] [comments]


2020.09.20 10:00 PelotonMod [Race Thread] 2020 Tour de France - Stage 21 (2.UWT)

Date Stage From > To Length Type Finish Time
20.sep 21 Mantes-la-Jolie > Paris (Champs-Élysées) 122 km (76 mi) Flat / Reverse km labels Flat 15:45-19:00 CEST
Information Official Site / Startlist / Official Facebook / Roadbook – download link
Overall Previews CyclingNews / INRNG / CyclingTips / CyclingWeekly / Road.cc
Stage Preview /peloton prediction thread / INRNG / Ciclismointernacional
/peloton content Pre-Race thread / Cheat Notes / Adopt a rider / RFL / SWL
Live Trackers Official / Official Twitter / Cycling News / PCS / Eurosport / Velon
TV Eurosport / Check your local broadcaster here
Streams Cycling.Today / Tiz / Race Coverage starts at 13:00 CEST
submitted by PelotonMod to peloton [link] [comments]


2020.09.19 23:37 Garvinfred Interested in coming to Burning Man in 2021? This is your Reddit Survival Guide! Read this first before you post a question!

Before you read any further, no one has any idea if Burning Man will exist in 2021 (or even 2022). The below information is what this sub posted in prior years, which was helpful. No has any idea if any of this will be true, accurate or helpful for future years. No one knows. But at least it’ll get you started. In the meantime, watch this video to experience the joy of 2019 Burning Man: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N4hL7t8cfus and hold off on buying any plane tickets until you know 2021 will happen.
If you're a first time burner or first time poster read through this before you post. It may answer the question you were thinking of making a new thread about (and many more you didn't know you had!). Over time this post will get the occasional update as things change and new and updated information becomes available.
  1. If you haven't already you should READ THE OFFICIAL BURNING MAN SURVIVAL GUIDE! (https://survival.burningman.org/). Seriously.
  2. Got kids coming along? Read the Burning Man Official Family Survival Guide: https://z9hbb3mwou383x1930ve0ugl-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/BurningMan_Family_SurvivalGuide.pdf). Kidsville has its own survivial guide: https://docs.google.com/document/pub?id=14OtP0p7IxGcWhbr0yrbhUuHEo271Njx-mSingO4TTX4
  3. Read the Survival Guide again. It's required reading for the event so you may as well get that done. The First Timers Guide (https://burningman.org/event/preparation/first-timers-guide/) is also required reading if you've never been before. And of course the Preparation Guide (https://burningman.org/event/preparation/) will answer a lot of your questions.
  4. There's also a whole heap of info and links in the sidebar of this sub right over there --->
  5. Please do a search of this subreddit (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/search?q=&restrict_sr=on&sort=relevance&t=all) before you post a question to avoid asking something that has already been answered a bunch of times. If you start a thread that could have been answered by using any of the above resources you'll likely catch snark. And you'll kinda deserve it. Radical self reliance is one of the principles after all.
Ticket Info:
• No ticket information for 2021 has been announced. The ticket info announcement date varies each year but we have no idea what will happen for 2021 or 2022. A guess is that some update will be given by January or February 2021 at the latest. Info on tickets can be found at https://tickets.burningman.org.
• Read this (https://eplaya.burningman.org/viewtopic.php?f=464&t=76740) on how to avoid being scammed when buying a ticket in the aftermarket. Buyer beware for fakes and scams and if the deal seems to good to be true, it probably is.
• See this announcement (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/comments/4wuwa2/from_bm_ticketing_scam_alert/) from Burning Man Ticketing about a common scam.
• We don't allow ticket requests or sales anywhere in the sub other than in a specific official buy/sell tickets thread, which will get posted once tickets are actually available. If you create a separate post about your unique, particular and very special need for tickets, it will get deleted.
• If you have questions about lost tickets or anything else to do with your order email Ticket Support ([email protected]). Please don’t contact them to ask when ticket information will be announced.
Events, Parties & Workshops
• The events guide for 2021 will eventually be here in its entirety: https://playaevents.burningman.org/2021/playa_events/1 (Pro tip: the book you get at greeters contains only a very small portion of the scheduled events). This website compiles all the events in a giant printable Excel spreadsheet shortly before the Burning Week starts: http://www.justin-klein.com/playaevents-excel-exporte. Wanna know what you missed in 2019? Have at it: https://playaevents.burningman.org/2019/playa_events/01/. Wanna know what you missed in 2020? Go here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1sJmmz5x_AM
• Lots of famous DJs play at Burning Man but the burn is NOT a music festival. There are no main stages and the majority of folks who attend aren't just there to chase DJs. For these and other reasons, camps and art cars are encouraged not to announce/promote their lineups until just before the burn. Rockstarlibrarian.com produces an unofficial guide that, when it comes out, will be your best source of info on who is playing where and when. Patience! It gets released just before the event.
Bring Art!
• The Honorarium process (free money from Burning Man!) for creating, making and bring art to Burning Man. Submit a letter of intent by the deadline or lose out on the free cash (that, of course, comes with strings, but free cash!): https://burningman.org/culture/burning-man-arts/grants/brc-honoraria/. No idea if this will still exist.
• Want to bring art without going through the Honoraria process! It’s easy and fun and everyone should do it. The process starts here: https://profiles.burningman.org/participate/brc/
• Need some inspiration or curious as to what types of art to bring? Skim through the placed art for 2018 and 2019: https://burningman.org/event/brc/2019-art-installations/ and https://burningman.org/culture/history/brc-history/event-archives/2018-event-archive/2018-art-installations/. Want to know what art was "brought" in 2020? Go to https://brcvr.org/
• Your art can be big or small, have fire or not, and the Burning Man ARTery (the art department) is helpful and there to help you bring art to the playa: https://journal.burningman.org/2018/08/black-rock-city/participate-in-brc/the-joy-of-small-art/
Volunteer!
• Want to get involved but not sure where or how? Start here: https://burningman.org/network/get-involved/volunteering-bmp/ and https://burningman.org/event/volunteering/teams/
Coming from far away or want to stay close to home?
https://regionals.burningman.org/regionals/
https://regionals.burningman.org/
The Reddit Meet-Up:
• There will likely be one on Wednesday during the event at the camp called Automatic Subconscious. Something may or may not get announced here so check the above events website when the time comes. There will be booze and probably only mildly annoying music. Come enjoy the dusty floor and the views from the Automatic Subconscious nest. Search Reddit meetup in this sub to meet those who in the past remembered to show up.
Placement:
• Find your Facebook friends on playa with Burner Map: https://burnermap.com/welcome.php
• Check out the Unofficial BRC Map: http://unofficialbrcmap.com.
• There are other unofficial apps for placements and events: https://iburnapp.com/. In 2019 Burning Man had its own app so you can create your personalized list of events and places to go.
GENERAL INFO/FAQ
• We previously had a whole bunch of questions about yurts (and yurt tape) so check out these threads (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/search?q=yurt&sort=new&restrict_sr=on&t=all) before starting one of your own please.
• Going Solo is a topic that comes up super often, so much so this thread (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/comments/4uyhww/should_i_go_to_burning_man_solo/)popped up recently. This one (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/comments/4so7js/potentially_being_bailed_on_last_minute_solo_tips/) also has good tips. And this one (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/comments/4dk11b/has_anyone_gone_solo/) and this one (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/comments/448qpn/is_burning_man_a_good_place_to_visit_solo/). Did we mention there’s a search button?
• Joining a camp is NOT a requirement. If you do it should be because you're excited about their playa gift and you want to help them give it, not because they'll feed and shelter you. Your best best for finding a camp to join is checking out the appropriate part of ePlaya (https://eplaya.burningman.org/viewforum.php?f=523) and the Burning Man website: https://burningman.org/event/camps/so-you-want-to-camp-at-burning-man Other great threads worth checking out
• Playa misconceptions (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/comments/1rjtcu/playa_misconception_thread/)
• What to expect your first few hours on (and on the way to) playa (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/comments/299b3y/what_to_expect_your_first_few_hours_on_and_on_the/)
• Advice you won't find in the "official" guides (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/comments/1v49r7/advice_you_wont_find_in_the_official_guides/)
• Disasters at Burning Man (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/comments/3rp7ze/disasters_at_burning_man/)
• What are your can't-live-without playa lifesavers? (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/comments/3ec9l3/what_are_your_cantlivewithout_playa_lifesavers/)
• Or do you just need a bunch of Burning Man stories on a cold night while sipping warm pickle juice? (https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/comments/6a6p35/what_is_burning_man/)
Weekly Topics
• This sub previously had weekly topics of discussion that were SUPER and extraordinarily useful. Go to this Google Doc with links to all the threads: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/14peyHqVLJdhmB4RokQKBBoqAHAvjoMSo-DR04By2ohM/edit#gid=0. This is a wonderful resource if you have the time to read through it all or it you are looking for info on a particular topic. Pretty much every question you may have is answered here and the answers are pretty timeless.
POSTING GUIDELINES
If you're posting something of interest to the community and not asking a question this advice probably isn't for you. If you're after experiences or opinions, great. If your question is super specific or a bit surly, fine. But if you're asking a simple question here before doing at least a bit of research yourself be prepared for some snarky responses. It's just our way.
DO NOT post a link to a fundraiser without reading our guidelines first: https://www.reddit.com/BurningMan/wiki/fundraising. Failure to do so could result in your thread being deleted or you getting some less than pleasant feedback. Fundraiser posts must be marked with a “fundraiser” flair (once you post, go back to your post and you’ll see this option).
Posts with nudity must be marked with NSFW flair (once you post, go back to your post and you’ll see this option).
Posts including photos where it's not clear the photographer has the subject's consent are not ok and will be removed.
Posts for selling/advertising/promoting may be removed at the discretion of the Mod Team depending on their content. Generally, the Mod Team doesn’t like sales posts.
Post containing links with referral codes will be removed. Posts selling commodified burn related products will be removed. Posts promoting your YouTube channel/blog/website will be removed if that's all your account is used for or if it's clear your site is looking to profit off our members. Repeated posts of this nature will result in your account being banned.
Other than that, welcome to the dust. (with gratitude to jovankat, from whom I blatantly copied most of the above and kept the original Australian term "heap").
submitted by Garvinfred to BurningMan [link] [comments]


2020.09.19 10:00 PelotonMod [Race Thread] 2020 Tour de France - Stage 20 (2.UWT)

Date Stage From > To Length Type Finish Time
19.sep 20 Lure > La Planche des Belles Filles 36 km (22 mi) ITT / Reverse km labels 13:00-18:00 CEST
Information Official Site / Startlist / Official Facebook / Roadbook – download link
Overall Previews CyclingNews / INRNG / CyclingTips / CyclingWeekly / Road.cc
Stage Preview /peloton prediction thread / INRNG / Ciclismointernacional
/peloton content Pre-Race thread / Cheat Notes / Adopt a rider / RFL / SWL
Live Trackers Official / LeTour Twitter / Cycling News / PCS / Eurosport / Velon / Tissot
TV Eurosport / Check your local broadcaster here
Streams Cycling.Today / Tiz / Race Coverage starts at 13:00 CEST
The time cut today will be 25% of the time of the winner. Currently, this means the last rider would be outside the time limit with a finishing time of 54:18
The top 10 in GC start at 16:56. The final rider, Primoz Roglic, starts at 17:14 (CEST)
PCS is keeping track of times on the climb, for KOM purposes.
submitted by PelotonMod to peloton [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 15:04 rusticgorilla The NINE agencies Trump is using to corrupt the election

Over the past six months, Trump has been making increasingly false, absurd, and dangerous claims - from saying the “only way” he’ll lose in November is in a rigged election to claiming his opponents illegally “spied” on his campaign.
However, not only is he making these claims, the president and his cronies are corrupting the power of government to inflate his lies to the level of truth and oppress any evidence to the contrary. With the help of loyalists atop every federal agency, Trump has perverted the government to serve his own re-election desires.
This list is nowhere near comprehensive. There are many more examples that could be given, but I tried to keep it short enough that it is still readable.

ODNI and Intelligence Community

Limit disclosure of knowledge of Russian sabotage.
The Office of the Director of National Intelligence, led by Trump loyalist John Ratcliffe, canceled future in-person briefings on election security issues to the congressional intelligence committees. Instead, the ODNI will provide written briefings only.
The change came after a classified briefing in which top counterintelligence official Bill Evanina told House members that Russia is again trying to boost President Donald Trump’s reelection and denigrate his opponent, Joe Biden. Trump was enraged after details of the briefing leaked to the public, revealing that his own administration’s intelligence officers contradict his repeated assertions that Russia is not interfering on his behalf.
Reminder: Trump fired the previous DNI, Joseph Maguire, after learning that one of Maguire’s staff members gave a 2020 election security briefing to the House Intelligence Committee. In the briefing, Maguire aide Shelby Pierson alerted committee members that Russia was interfering in the 2020 campaign in an effort to tip the election in Trump’s favor. In firing Maguire, Trump sent a warning to the entire intelligence community: Trump’s opinion and electoral prospects must be prioritized over facts.

Department of Homeland Security

Twist intelligence to support campaign and personal motives.
Election interference
Former acting Under Secretary of Homeland Security for Intelligence and Analysis Brian Murphy filed a whistleblower complaint alleging that Acting Homeland Security Secretary Chad Wolf interfered with intelligence assessments in order to benefit Trump politically.
In May 2020, Acting Homeland Security Secretary Chad Wolf told Murphy to “cease providing intelligence assessments on the threat of Russian interference in the United States, and instead start reporting on interference activities by China and Iran.” Wolf told Murphy those instructions came directly from the White House.
In July 2020, DHS chief of staff John Gountanis intervened to stop publication of an intelligence bulletin warning about a Russian disinformation plot to “denigrate” the mental health of Joe Biden. On July 8, Murphy said, he met with Wolf, who told him that the intelligence notification should be “held” because it “made the President look bad.”
Trump not only attempts to hide intelligence that contradicts the false narrative he continues to push about China actively interfering to boost Biden, according to Murphy Trump’s officials directed him to prioritize intelligence on China and Iran.
It’s disturbing enough for a president and his allies to distort intelligence assessments for political gain, but Murphy’s account suggests something more nefarious—that intelligence authorities and positions of public trust might have been used to engineer the narrative from the outset.
Campaign agitprop
Murphy’s complaint also details that Senior Official Performing the Duties of the Deputy Secretary Ken Cuccinelli ordered him to modify intelligence assessments to make the threat of white supremacy “appear less severe” and include information on violent “left-wing” groups and Antifa. The reason given was “to ensure they matched up with the public comments by President Trump on the subject of ANTIFA and ‘anarchist’ groups.”
Trump has spent months fear-mongering about imagined mobs of far-left activists coming to attack the suburbs. On Saturday, the Trump campaign sent out an “ANTIFA ALERT” text message to supporters, saying “they’ll attack your homes if Joe’s elected. Pres Trump needs you to become a Diamond Club Member.”

Customs and Border Patrol

Cause unrest in Democratic-cities to assist in fear campaign.
Border Patrol agents were among the federal forces sent to Portland to confront and arrest protestors over the summer.
Gil Kerlikowske, former commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection under President Barack Obama, said BORTAC, the unit dispatched to the city, is chiefly trained to pursue fugitives and criminals. "They're clearly the wrong group to be doing this.”
The violence they provoked was featured in Trump’s campaign ads and RNC nomination acceptance speech.
“Trump has ratcheted up political ties to border patrol to another level,” Todd Miller, the author of Empire of Borders, said. “He based his whole 2016 campaign around this, and it is now at the core of his 2020 re-election bid. These are his people.”
Most recently, the Border Patrol produced and published a dramatized video showing a Spanish-speaking attacker stabbing and killing a man in a dark alley after escaping from U.S. agents - “a clip apparently created to dramatize President Trump’s depiction of migrants as fearsome criminals.”

Justice Department

Weaponize the law to harm opponents and save himself.
Investigate Trump’s rivals
Trump and Attorney General Bill Barr are reportedly pressuring U.S. Attorney John Durham and his team to release the results of their probe before the November election. Durham was appointed by Barr to investigate the origins of the Mueller investigation and the FBI’s Russia probe. Last week, a highly respected and experienced prosecutor, Nora R. Dannehy, resigned as a senior aide to Durham due to concern over this improper political pressure.
Trump has publicly expressed impatience with the Durham investigation, saying there should be more prosecutions and disclosures of information that would damage his political rivals. Last month, Barr indicated the DOJ would not respect an informal policy against taking investigative steps 60 days before Election Day.
In a speech on Wednesday, Barr essentially rebuked the Mueller investigation and the cases it spawned: “Smart, ambitious lawyers have sought to amass glory by prosecuting prominent public figures since the Roman Republic. It is utterly unsurprising that prosecutors continue to do so today to the extent the Justice Department’s leaders will permit it. As long as I am Attorney General, we will not.”
Assist Trump’s allies
Attorney General Barr has explicitly interfered in at least two criminal cases against Trump’s allies, helping the president promote the narrative that the Obama administration (in which Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden served) acted inappropriately. In February, Barr overruled career federal prosecutors in order to recommend the former Trump campaign advisor Roger Stone receive a lesser prison sentence. The entire team of prosecutors resigned from the criminal case due to the Justice Department’s interference. Trump ultimately commuted Stone’s 40-month sentence, much less than the original recommendation of seven to nine years in prison.
Then, in May, the Justice Department filed a request to drop the criminal case against Trump's first national security adviser, Michael Flynn, despite the fact that Flynn twice - before two separate judges - admitted to lying to the FBI. In response, nearly 2,000 former DOJ employees called for Barr’s resignation, saying he had “assaulted the rule of law.”
Politically-motivated actions
Barr reportedly told prosecutors to explore aggressive charges against people arrested at recent demonstrations across the US, even suggesting bringing a rarely used sedition charge, reserved for those who have plotted a threat that posed imminent danger to government authority.
The AG asked prosecutors in the Justice Department’s civil rights division to explore whether they could bring criminal charges against Mayor Jenny Durkan of Seattle for not acting immediately to disrupt the police-free zone created by protestors over the summer. According to the Associated Press, charges were also explored against city officials in Portland, Oregon, for the continued protests in the area.
The Justice Department is targeting Democratic governors for coronavirus outbreaks in state-owned nursing homes. The four governors - PA’s Tom Wolf, MI’s Whitmer, NJ’s Murphy, and NY’s Cuomo - are frequent targets of Trump for not lifting pandemic restrictions as fast as he’d like. Republican-run states have very similar rules about nursing home admissions yet are not under DOJ investigation.
Just yesterday, Barr publicly bashed states that still have restrictions in place, saying that “stay at home orders” are “like house arrest.” Incredibly, Barr added: “Other than slavery, which was a different kind of restraint, this is the greatest intrusion on civil liberties in American history."
  • More: In April, Barr issued a memorandum directing the nation’s U.S. attorneys to be on the lookout for public health rules that might, among other things, constitute “undue interference with the national economy.”

CDC and FDA

Rush coronavirus treatments to save his election chances.
At the end of March, the FDA issued an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) to allow hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine for coronavirus COVID-19 treatment after weeks of pressure from Trump. For instance, eight days before the EUA, Trump tweeted that hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin could be "one of the biggest game changers in the history of medicine" and should "be put in use immediately."
Ultimately, the FDA revoked its EUA in June after more evidence revealed hydroxychloroquine can cause “serious cardiac adverse events.”
Experts say the FDA again caved to political pressure when it approved an expanded use of convalescent plasma to treat covid patients, the night before the Republican National Convention. Despite concerns over plasma’s effectiveness, Trump called Dr. Francis S. Collins, the director of the N.I.H., to tell him: “Get it done by Friday.” When it wasn’t, Trump took to Twitter to accuse those at the FDA of being part of the “deep state” withholding an approval “to delay the answer until after November 3.” The next day, the FDA announced its approval.
Finally, and most obviously, Trump has pressured the FDA to approve of a coronavirus vaccine before the November election. Experts across the board have said there is no way our government and existing infrastructure will be ready to distribute, administer, and track doses by November.
Trump, Sept. 2: "[It's] going to be done in a very short period of time -- could even have it during the month of October… We’re going to have a vaccine very soon, maybe even before a very special date. You know what date I’m talking about” (clip 1 and clip 2.
Just yesterday, Trump contradicted CDC chief Robert Redfield’s timetable for the vaccine, saying the doctor was “confused” in his congressional testimony.
"If you're asking me when is it going to be generally available to the American public, so we can begin to take advantage of vaccine to get back to our regular life, I think we're probably looking at third, late second quarter, third quarter 2021," Redfield told a Senate appropriations subcommittee.
"I think he made a mistake when he said that. It's just incorrect information," Trump said about Redfield's vaccine timeline. Following Trump’s repudiation, a CDC spokesman walked back Redfield’s statements to be in line with the president’s. "He was not referring to the time period when Covid-19 vaccine doses would be made available to all Americans," the spokesman said.

Department of Health and Human Services

Convince the public that the pandemic is gone.
DHS is bidding out a more than $250 million contract to a communications firm as it seeks to “defeat despair and inspire hope” about the coronavirus pandemic. Among the goals of the contract: “sharing best practices for businesses to operate in the new normal and instill confidence to return to work and restart the economy.” In other words: exactly what Trump has tried to project onto the nation despite his failure to effectively contain the spread of the coronavirus.
As the House Oversight Committee has expressed, “rather than focus on planning and executing a national strategy to contain the coronavirus, the Trump Administration is using a quarter of a billion dollars in taxpayer money to fund what appears to be a political propaganda campaign just two months before a presidential election.”
Remember, the pandemic crisis still gripping America is Trump’s own creation. Olivia Troye, Pence’s top aide on the White House coronavirus task force, went public yesterday with her firsthand experiences. She relays that throughout the pandemic, Trump was consumed by himself and his prospects in November. “For him, it was all about the election,” Troye said.
Instead of trying to help Americans and slow the spread, Trump is spending 250 million taxpayer dollars to try to convince us not to believe our own eyes and ears.

US Postal Service

Discredit vote-by-mail and suppress the vote.
President Trump on Thursday continued his months long campaign against mail-in voting this November by tweeting that “MAYHEM” will occur in states that send ballots to all registered voters. In another tweet, Trump falsely asserted that “the Nov 3rd Election result may NEVER BE ACCURATELY DETERMINED” due to nine states running universal mail-in voting.
By casting doubt on mail ballots and the election results, Trump is trying to accomplish two things: (1) persuade voters not to participate in the election, and (2) claim victory prematurely, or even after a decisive loss.
To this end, Postmaster DeJoy - a big donor to Trump’s campaign - has sent confusing misinformation to voters in these states that automatically send registered voters ballots by mail.
DeJoy has also implemented changes at USPS that significantly slowed the delivery of mail, making it harder for people to vote by mail with confidence and, likely, scaring some people away from voting at all in the middle of the pandemic. Trump is betting on these changes having a bigger impact on Democrats than Republicans, especially considering the fact that he has spent nearly the entire year downplaying the threat of the coronavirus to his base.
  • Note: Barr is also cranking out false public statements to discredit vote-by-mail, whether it’s falsely claiming it’s vulnerable to a massive foreign-engineered conspiracy or blatantly misrepresenting actual domestic cases of fraud.

National Park Service

Assist in taxpayer funded staging of campaign events.
Yes, even the National Park Service has been corrupted by Trump, via former oil industry lobbyist and Secretary of the Interior David Bernhardt. Most recently, the NPS produced what appears to be a campaign ad, with no other purpose than promoting Trump. In fact, the words “PRESIDENT TRUMP” in all caps are the first words to appear on screen. The video likely breaks the law:
The federal Anti-Deficiency Act prohibits the use of federal funds for purposes other than those Congress has authorized… if Congress has not authorized the Interior Department to use our money to create campaign ads (and it hasn’t), then the Interior Department cannot legally create campaign ads. In addition to this general prohibition against using funds for unauthorized purposes, there is an express prohibition against propaganda.
Additionally the NPS allowed Trump to take over Mount Rushmore National Memorial for an air and fireworks show ostensibly to celebrate Independence day. In reality, Trump used the event to rail against Democrats, promote his statute-protecting executive order, and warn of a "left-wing cultural revolution." Put differently, it was a campaign event in the middle of a national park.
In June, U.S. Park Police (officers of the NPS) took part in forcibly removing peaceful protestors with tear gas and rubber bullets from the area in and around Lafayette Park, a national historic landmark and public place, for the president's photo-op with a bible. And in 2019, the Park Service used $2.5 million in fees paid by national park visitors to fund President Trump's "Salute to America" celebration in the National Mall.
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